Table of Contents

This is the 2000-2004 page of the Shigeru Miyamoto Archive.

1985-1989 | 1990-1994 | 1995-1999 | 2000-2004 | 2005-2009 | 2010-2014 | 2015-2019 | 2020-2024



GameSpot TV – Legend of Zelda Retrospective

Publication Date: 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Adam Sessler, Kate Botello, unnamed interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: I couldn’t find more precise information on when this aired. It is unknown where the footage of Mr. Miyamoto talking about The Legend of Zelda came from, as it doesn’t seem to have been filmed for this documentary. Uploaded by YouTube user SuperKaizoku1138.

Summary: Mario and The Legend of Zelda are based on a miniature garden that you can explore.

They wanted it to be easy to move Link. They think of the game system first, and then about the characters.

Every player will have a different volume of game play with The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask.


Amazon – In the Game: Nintendo’s Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: 2000

Subject(s): Childhood experiences, Zelda’s name

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Todd Mowat, Porter Hall, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Notes: No date is given, but there are references to this article as early as October 1, 2000. Later versions of this article do not credit Porter Hall.

Summary: He came up with the ideas for the Mario and The Legend of Zelda games from his childhood experiences exploring. There were caves and mountains. He made slingshots and puppets.

Zelda was the name of Francis Scott Fitzgerald’s wife. He used her name in the original The Legend of Zelda.


Game Design : Secrets of the Sages

Publication Date: 1999-2002 depending on edition. This entry is based on the second edition, which was published in 2000.

Subject(s): Game design, Mario’s popularity

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Marc Saltzman, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link: (you can borrow this book for free) 

Notes: This book mostly consists of quotes from dozens of game developers about their craft.

Summary: People who make games completely devote themselves to it, which allows them to make unique games. This devotion makes it impossible for them to know how someone will feel when they play it for the first time. 

Their only goal is to make fun games. Mario is only popular because his games are fun. Players can relate to video game characters. Mario has a different meaning depending on the context of the game he is in. Some may not like his characters because they aren’t cool. He is sorry to those people.

Game creators are artists as well as engineers. New designers at Nintendo have to go through the technical lecture so they know what is possible and what isn’t. He tells his coworkers that they should be proud to be on the frontier of interactive entertainment.

He feels he should make games as entertainment rather than art. He makes his games so that they reflect his thoughts.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: January, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask, Mario’s appearance, the Triforce

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: There will be more masks in The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask than the Zora, Deku Scrub, and Goron masks. You’ll see familiar people from The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time.

Mario will be more mature in his next game, but that doesn’t mean he’ll be rude. Mario will look more sophisticated in order to be more appealing to everyone.

He’s never been involved in development of a Metroid game.

Anyone with a good heart who collects the Triforce will rule the world. Ganon was trapped in a dark dimension because he was evil.


Nintendo Online Magazine – An exclusive interview with the man who created Donkey Kong, Shigeru Miyamoto (Nintendo) 

Publication Date: February, 2000

Subject(s): Donkey Kong

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Riko Kushida, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Japanese Link:

Japanese Archive Link:

Translator: Matt W. for The Mushroom Kingdom

Notes: Nintendo Online Magazine was a section of the official Japanese Nintendo website.

Summary: He created the Donkey Kong arcade game, which was his first game.

They were trying to make a Popeye game so they were going to include Brutus and Popeye. When plans changed Popeye became Mario and Brutus became Donkey Kong. Donkey Kong was to be Mario’s dumb pet gorilla who escaped.

He thought “Kong” referred to gorillas, so he wanted the name to end in Kong. He looked up the word “dumb” in an English dictionary and read that “donkey” could mean dumb. Americans told him that “donkey” does not mean dumb.

Donkey Kong Jr. has to save his father from Mario in Donkey Kong Jr. You can climb up faster using two vines, or go down faster using one.

He did the graphics for Punch-Out!! and put Donkey Kong in the crowd.

The Game Boy Donkey Kong is enjoyable. He has fond memories of the original Donkey Kong. Nintendo of America was skeptical of it at first but he’s been able to keep making games because it was a hit.

In 1994 the Rare president said they could make a Donkey Kong game since Nintendo was busy with their other series. He gave the OK after seeing the CG. Rare breathed new life into Donkey Kong, they really made a Nintendo-like game.

He wanted Rare to give Donkey Kong eyebrows for Donkey Kong Country,  but since that was hard to show he settled for making the area around Donkey Kong’s eyes black. He decided to give Donkey Kong a necktie to make him look a bit more dumb.

Donkey Kong is cool, but has become a bit kiddie. He’d like Donkey Kong and Mario to be a bit cooler.


The 64 Dream (reported on by, partially untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: February, 2000 (reported on June 30, 2021)

Subject(s): Cabbage, BAFTA Awards, 64DD

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Echoes and 8lackSphinx, unknown The 64 Dream interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: As far as I can tell only this small part of the interview about Cabbage has been translated. Scans by MyCom.

Summary: They are trying to work on Cabbage in 2000. It’s unlikely to be released for the 64DD, but the Game Boy Advance and GameCube are possibilities.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: February, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, Pokémon, cartridges

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: The GameCube will be a new frontier for Pokémon.

He’s been thinking of projects so strange that they might not even be called games.

He’s sad to move on from cartridges, they allowed for instant loading.

He’s working more on GameCube than Game Boy Advance.

He likes Psyduck the best because he looks like he’s in trouble.


N64 Magazine – Shigeru Miyamoto Your Questions Answered!

Publication Date: February, 2000

Subject(s): A new invention, GameCube, Mario Artist: Talent Studio, online gaming, PlayStation 2, DVDs, Metroid, Game Boy Advance

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed N64 Magazine interviewer, N64 Magazine readers, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: People focus on what technology will do in the future, but what we actually need is a new invention. Nintendo is working on a new invention, but technology is only a part. They want to make something unique, and the GameCube has more possibilities than the Nintendo 64.

In Mario Artist: Talent Studio players can “be in the game”, but he’s not sure it counts as a game. You can import pictures from the Game Boy Camera.

He’s interested in online gaming and understands why others are too. If they talk about online gaming it will be because they have a new idea, not because everyone else is doing it. Simple entertainment is needed for online games. It would need to be easy to handle, but mass audiences aren’t ready for it yet. Networking costs are too expensive and if millions tried to play at once the servers would go down. They are doing some experiments, though. They sell the 64DD online in Japan. Their announced Game Boy to cell phone connection is also realtime online gaming.

He asked Nintendo of Europe why The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask was taking so long to get to Europe. It will come out by the end of next year.

The PlayStation 2 will make it more difficult to make games because of the new tools and demand for more realistic graphics and sound. Nintendo doesn’t make realistic games. You can make realistic or non-realistic games with the GameCube.

They wanted to keep using cartridges, but DVDs lower the risk for third party developers. They couldn’t have made revolutionary games like Super Mario 64 or The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time for the Nintendo 64 with CDs.

Nintendo does not intend to fight Sony, they will do what they can and should do.

Twenty years ago both adults and children played games, but Mario has become more cute over time. He wants Mario to appeal to everyone, for adults to not feel shame. Mario won’t make the V sign often in his next game.

The producer of Metroid is aware that there is a demand for a new Metroid game, but he has been busy making Game Boy games. His team is considering a Nintendo 64 or GameCube Metroid game.

They want to make new characters, which is why he is working on a systemic organization of Nintendo. They were busy making sequels, but have more resources now. They are working with Capcom on a The Legend of Zelda game for the Game Boy. They also started a new company with Konami to make Game Boy Advance games.

The Game Boy Advance will have a communication feature, but he can’t talk about it yet.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: March, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, online gaming, voice recognition software, Game Boy games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: Connecting their games to the Internet would not be the best use of the GameCube’s capabilities. They are not in a position to reveal their Internet strategy right now. In April you will be able to connect the Game Boy Advance to a mobile phone in Japan.

When he met Jake Lloyd he thought that he fit his image of child Link.

They will make voice recognition hardware if developers want to make games that use it. Voice recognition will become indispensable for controlling games.

If he was stuck on a desert island he would bring development tools for Super Mario 64, The Legend of Zelda, and Mario Artist.

He takes a Game Boy with him everywhere. He loves playing Pokémon and Tetris.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: April, 2000

Subject(s): Favorite movie, making mature games, choosing characters

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: Raiders of the Lost Ark is his favorite movie.

More Nintendo games will be aimed at a mature audience, but they will still be making games for the whole family.

He starts game development with an idea, then he plans an environment, and then he makes the characters. If existing characters fit the game, then they will come back.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: May, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube’s code name, Luigi’s star power, Jungle Emperor Leo, online and multiplayer games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: “Dolphin” is a code name, the system will have a different name when it is released. You’ll probably be able to play games for it at Space World 2000.

Luigi is doing well in their GameCube experiments.

He felt it was important for Takashi Tezuka to be the director on Jungle Emperor Leo. Since Mr. Tezuka gave priority to the movie, development on the game came to a halt.

He likes the parks and museums in Britain, and people are nice. He’d like to visit the European Computer Trade Show in September.

He hasn’t had time to play online games lately. Lots of people at Nintendo play fighting games, but he doesn’t like them. Mario Kart 64 is the multiplayer game of choice in his home. – Shigeru Miyamoto Interview

Publication Date: May 13, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed interviewer, Eiji Aonuma, Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Notes: This interview took place at E3 2000.

Summary: He worked with Eiji Aonuma on the basics of the The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask. It’s like they built a table together. Majora’s Mask is supposed to feel mysterious, not scary.

You can watch the characters on their daily routines. You’ll need to learn about them and get new masks to conquer the game.

They thought they could do more with The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time’s engine. They accomplished what they set out to do with Star Fox 64, so there won’t be a sequel until the GameCube.

Rare has done a lot for the video game industry, even though their games are all 3D they play differently.


IGN – Shigeru Miyamoto Interview

Publication Date: May 13, 2000

Subject(s): Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Craig Harris, Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Notes: There was a video of this interview, but it has been lost. This interview took place at E3 2000.

Summary: He wasn’t involved in the design of the Game Boy Color, but he has been involved with The Legend of Zelda: Link’s Awakening DX and Super Mario Bros. Deluxe.

He has been working with the Pokémon Gold and Silver team on making the games look more interesting, with color and without. He has also been deciding what kinds of games are appropriate for the Game Boy Advance.

Yoshiki Okamoto from Capcom is producing a trilogy of The Legend of Zelda games for the Game Boy Color. They running behind because of the link system, which allows one game to effect another. It uses passwords. They will release later in the year.

At first he wondered what was so good about a Game Boy in color, but then he said it was good for no reason. Then when he played the Game Boy Advance with better graphics he thought it was good for no reason. You can make games in C, so it will be easier.


Famitsu (HISTORY of ZELDA『ゼルダの伝説』の過去から未来へ) (untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: After May 13, 2000 and on or before July 11, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda, E3, online games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Yasuhiro Nagata, Shigeru Miyamoto

Japanese Links:

Japanese Archive Links:

Notes: From what I can gather with machine translation Yasuhiro Nagata was interviewing Mr. Miyamoto on camera for the video documentary HISTORY of ZELDA『ゼルダの伝説』の過去から未来へ. He also asked him about some more casual things when the camera wasn’t rolling, and recorded the audio. He then got permission from Mr. Miyamoto to publish a transcribed version of that audio.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: June, 2000

Subject(s): Mario Artist: Talent Studio, piracy, favorite Rare games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He can feel the future in Mario Artist: Talent Studio.

If a lot of people make requests there could be another Star Fox game.

They partnered with Panasonic on the GameCube because of their anti-piracy measures. It’s important for everyone to realize that piracy is bad.

He’s never made a game just for fun that was never released. He has tested many ideas, including odious creatures.

He loved Donkey Kong Country and Snake Rattle ‘n’ Roll. He’s looking forward to Perfect Dark.


IGN – Interview: Miyamoto and Aonuma

Publication Date: June 5, 2000

Subject(s): Daily routine, The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask, Excitebike 64, The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages, Game Boy Advance

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Matt Casamassina, Peer Schneider, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This interview took place at E3 2000.

Summary: He starts his days at work by saying he’s sorry he’s late. He checks his e-mails and looks through the cartridges on his desk.

They don’t make all of the game specifications to start with at Nintendo. One small change can cause everything else to be changed.

Sometimes they get frightening e-mails from fans.

Players won’t feel like they are playing with an old game engine with The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask.

He was involved with Excitebike 64’s outline and final design. Since it was developed in the United States he gave advice but did not follow up.

He hopes they will launch a couple communication games for the Nintendo 64 this year.

Catroots was being made by Marigul, but now Nintendo has responsibility for it. It’s unique.

He was involved in making Pokémon Gold and Silver more colorful.

The Legend of Zelda games for the Game Boy Color are becoming late due to the link system, but they should release this year. There are similar events in both Oracle games, so if you do it in one game, you won’t have to do it in the other.

When they were developing the Game Boy Color it seemed pointless, but he realized it was good after playing it. He had a similar experience with the Game Boy Advance. It will be 32-bit and games can be made in C.

They will show games for the GameCube, Game Boy Advance, and the cell-phone application at Space World.

If he had an unlimited budget for a game he’d want to be able to float weightlessly. It would be a game machine you attach to your head that allows you to float in real life.

The thing he’s most worried about with GameCube is not being able to produce enough.


History of Zelda 「ゼルダの伝説」の過去から未来へ (untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: June 22, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda

Format: Interview

People: Yasuhiro Nagata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This documentary about the history of The Legend of Zelda series was released on VHS for 1500 yen in Japan and was made by Enterbrain and Nintendo. Also see the Famitsu interview conducted at the same time. There is also a longer History of The Legend of Zelda video that uses a lot of the same footage, but I can’t tell if it’s official or a fan creation. Uploaded by YouTube user IGFTW Video Game Dump.


Nintendo Power – The Faces Behind the Masks/Zelda and Beyond

Publication Date: July, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Power interviewer, Eiji Aonuma, Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place “before the doors opened” at E3 2000.

Summary: The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask uses a similar technique as Toy Story 2. They focused on some minor characters from the original.

Their goal is to present something mysterious, not scary.

The game is based on a three day interval so that you can see the character’s daily routines. They do different things at different times of day and may reveal clues to the central mystery.

The game’s world is a small garden you must explore. It takes place in the course of three days so that you have to learn everything that happens to save the world.

He worked with Mr. Aonuma decide the basic principles of the game and left it to him to follow through on them.

The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time was a great game but they thought they could do more with the engine. With Star Fox 64 they accomplished everything.

Rare has done a lot for the gaming industry and they are happy to work with them. They manage to make varied games even though they are all 3D.

They’re finishing up Mother 3 and Paper Mario. They’re working on a communication game for this summer.


Gamers’ Republic – Interview: Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: July, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask, his role at Nintendo, Gamecube, online gaming

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Mike Hobbs, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place at E3 2000.

Summary: The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask is not a true sequel to The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, it’s a separate story. The other six directors had more control for Majora’s Mask, and they wanted to make their own world.

He has been letting others do more game design work, being more of a producer than a director. Sometimes he just works on something during the planning stage and the final tuning stage. If he wasn’t satisfied with Majora’s Mask, he would have stepped in.

This isn’t his future at Nintendo, though. They have lots of new young people and the people who are 40 years old are ready for more responsibility.

The Nintendo 64 was a next-generation system, being the first to realize a 3D environment. This allowed them to be the first to train programmers in making 3D games. The GameCube will be a massive upgrade that is more comfortable to make games for.

If everyone uses the same development tools then games end up being similar. There could have been more Nintendo 64 games if they had provided more tools with better variety. They are working with several companies to make development tools for the GameCube.

The GameCube will be released after the PlayStation 2, and have better performance, and the Xbox should have better performance than the GameCube. The key to success isn’t power, though, it’s coming up with unique ideas. They are focused on the beauty of game design.

Video games are no longer fun and completely fulfilling.  There are other avenues for pleasure, and games can’t be fun enough for long.

He is interested in the portable nature of the Game Boy Advance, and connecting game worlds.

Online games are just another form of entertainment. Nintendo has to be cool and critical. Network systems are different around the world. They can make more money with other types of games. Some companies think that online gaming is the future, and is cool and hip. But that is an illusion. They won’t jump in blindly.

He is interested in online gaming’s effect on game design, but he can’t share his ideas. They have Randnet and the Game Boy Advance will connect to cell phones soon.

He’s more interested in families playing multiplayer than a Tekken kind of game where only professionals have good matches. He wants players of different skill levels to share an interest.

Nintendo staff’s favorite online game right now is Ultima Online. It’s possible to make online games that aren’t violent, but it seems like the easiest approach.

His garden is about 80% done, the trees are growing.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: August, 2000

Subject(s): Space World 2000, becoming a game designer, gaming skills

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He can’t talk about Space World 2000.

The name “Marioke” sounds good for a karaoke game.

He entertained his family with puppets he made and manga he drew as a child. He wanted to be a manga artist or musician. He studied industrial design in college and joined Nintendo. When Nintendo started making games he became a game designer.

He used to be able to say he was the best middle-aged game player, but he can’t compete with kids anymore.


GameFan – GameFan Interviews Shigeru Miyamoto, creator of Mario, Zelda, F-Zero, and many other instant classics!

Publication Date: August, 2000

Subject(s): 2D versus 3D games, Pokémon’s longevity, 64DD, voice recognition, Microsoft making a console

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place at E3 2000.

Summary: 3D games aren’t replacing 2D ones, they are an expansion of the possibilities. There will still be 2D games.

People said Donkey Kong was an adult game that children could play. People think of Nintendo systems as something for children that adults can play, and he doesn’t like that stereotype. He appreciates a game like Conker’s Bad Fur Day. Mario won’t appear in such a game. He has grown concerned that Mario seems too childish.

They are trying to make sure that Pokémon remains popular. It became a surprise hit because they made the anime and movie so quickly. They are worried about the repercussions. They make Mario and The Legend of Zelda games appeal to everyone.

He’s one of the main people working on the 64DD, and he’s been pushing the idea. He hopes to make new formats of entertainment with it. They are going to release Mario Artist: Polygon Studio, which will have data exchange disks. You can interact with others via the host CPU.

Single player games will continue.

The GameCube controller will be suitable for a variety of methods.

He’s been involved with the development of Seaman from the start. He’s also been involved with Hey You, Pikachu!, so he is interested in voice recognition.

He didn’t play guitar for Super Mario World, but he did play the opening theme of Earthbound, which was then modified and improved.

Microsoft has a lot of physical strength, but they aren’t too worried about them entering the console space. He has to worry about Microsoft giving a lot of money to every developer. He’s concerned with Nintendo making something new.

If they make Pilotwings for the GameCube it will be great. But what they want to do is make something new that isn’t a sequel.


Core Magazine (reported on by Nintendo World Report)

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on August 5, 2000)

Subject(s): Nintendo 64, GameCube

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Mike Sklens, unknown Core Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Despite pretty good archiving of Core Magazine’s website, I could not find this interview.

Summary: Developing for the Nintendo 64 was difficult because the software libraries were delayed. He thinks the PlayStation 2 is harder to develop for. The Nintendo 64 weeded out weak developers. The cost of developing games will skyrocket in the coming years. – MOTHER 3 To Everyone Who Waited

Publication Date: August 22, 2000 (translated August 18, 2013)

Subject(s): Earthbound 64, Mother 3

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Shigesato Itoi, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Japanese Link:

Japanese Archive Link:

Translator: Yomuka

Notes: is Shigesato Itoi’s website.

Summary: Development was going well, but it had to be cancelled so it wouldn’t impact other projects. It was at least 60% complete. Nintendo has asked a lot of Iwata recently, he’s pushed himself as much as he could. There were two hardware shifts, he wasn’t able to be on-site, and Iwata was being pushed to his limit. Their supervisors wanted to cancel it since last year, but then felt it would be a waste.

They had to cancel Kimba the White Lion after two years of work.

Producers need to adapt products into something suitable for designers. When he makes things he starts with the tips, a randomized tree with no trunk. People raised on video games focus on perfecting the details, and nothing else. Mother 3 had this problem. They considered moving Mother 3 to GameCube. He showed an early version of Super Mario 64 to Yuji Horii, which caused him to make a mad dash for 3D. He heard that Mr. Itoi wanted Mother 3 to be reminiscent of a Hollywood movie. There were several parts that couldn’t work on the Nintendo 64. The reason for making the game was Earthbound’s (Mother 2) success, it was a commercial decision.

People assume he just has to put his name on a game for it to sell well, but everything he’s accomplished was because of his blood, sweat, and tears. They were accused of wagging their tails at celebrities because they worked with Mr. Itoi. He still doesn’t know if 3D is the way to go for Mother 3, or if a novelization or movie would be better.

He discussed making Mother 3 for the Game Boy Advance with Mr. Iwata, but a producer said it would take as much time as making for the Nintendo 64. Everyone feels like it would be a waste to start over. They struggled for so long because they wanted the game so badly.

Until the time they started on Mother 3 and Donkey Kong Country had come out the gap between games and movies was huge. There was a large gap between Final Fantasy VI and a movie.

His son asked him if Mother 3 was coming out because he wanted to buy something else if it wasn’t. He had played Earthbound (Mother 2) while in elementary school.

Tekken was difficult because it had over 20 characters and only needed five.


Nintendo Space World 2000 Stage Presentation (untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: August 24, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, Super Mario 128

Format: Presentation

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Uploaded by YouTube user Adam Doree.


IGN – Miyamoto Roundtable

Publication Date: August 28, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, Luigi’s Mansion, WaveBird Wireless Controller, Mother 3,  PlayStation 2, role-playing games

Format: Q & A

People: Takashi Tezuka, Minoru Minagawa (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This Q & A took place August 25, 2000.

Summary: There is a loading time problem with using disks now instead of cartridges, but they are working on it. They should have enough RAM to get rid of it.

There are only two memory card slots on the GameCube for cost reasons.

The GameCube is the ultimate game machine from the viewpoint of people making sounds, collision detection, and animation effects, making it the most well-balanced.

People are working on game compilations for the GameCube. He wants to make more than a Mario to introduce the GameCube.

Going from the Nintendo 64 to the GameCube is like going from the Nintendo Entertainment System to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. It’s more mature technology.

The video they showed of Luigi’s Mansion was to show off the GameCube to game developers. They are worried about trade secrets being leaked so he can’t talk more about it.

There is a Zelda game for the 64DD that is finished.

The GameCube is not a multimedia machine, but it can connect to the Internet.

The WaveBird Wireless Controller does not use Bluetooth, it uses something similar.

He is sorry about the cancellation of Mother 3, but things might have been different if there were 500,000 Americans that wanted to play it. They spent hundreds of millions of yen working on it and would like to make use of what they’ve made.

About 70% of Nintendo is working on GameCube games, and the rest are working on Nintendo 64 and Game Boy.

He’s not interested in making games with full motion videos, but those who want to will be able to with the GameCube.

Animal Crossing is a communication game according to Takashi Tezuka. There’s no difficulty or hurting each other, it encourages communication between child and parent.

He spent more time on the GameCube controller than any other, and this is the fourth or fifth version. They want everyone to be able to use it.

The GameCube has a handle because they want the whole family to enjoy it, it’s not audio/visual equipment that doesn’t get moved.

Mario will look less childish in his next game. When he said Mario would be more mature he didn’t mean it would be like Conker’s Bad Fur Day.

He doesn’t feel the PlayStation 2 is a threat because the software they make for the GameCube will be requisite for everyone.

Takashi Tezuka is the second most important game maker at Nintendo. He has lots of good designers so he doesn’t have to worry about game creation. Since being appointed to a role as director of Nintendo he has to do more paperwork. His creative position has not changed, but he can do it more efficiently now.

He’s heard that the PlayStation 2 is harder to develop for than the Nintendo 64.

The Nintendo 64 wasn’t missing role-playing games, it just didn’t have this and that one. The GameCube will be easy to develop for. They need to increase the player base enough that developers can make money.

With the GameCube you can achieve your wildest dreams without worrying about performance. Designers can put their personality in games.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto

Publication Date: September, 2000

Subject(s): Star Fox 64 sequel, making a game with Rare, Pokémon team, adult oriented games, favorite Nintendo 64 games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, readers of Nintendo Official Magazine, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: Star Fox 64 is one of his favorites, sometimes he wears a shirt with the logo for interviews. He’d like to make a sequel some day.

He’d rather Nintendo and Rare made their own games instead of making one together.

His Pokémon team is Venusaur, Psyduck, Arcanine, Alakazam, Marowak, and Zapdos.

Nintendo is looking to make games aimed at adults, as Rare has done with Conker’s Bad Fur Day. They want to find new ways to surprise players. Nintendo games shouldn’t just be for kids, but it’s also important that children don’t play the wrong kinds of games.

His favorite Nintendo 64 games would probably be Super Mario 64, Wave Race 64, and The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. As for games he wasn’t part of, Perfect Dark and Konami’s soccer and baseball games.


Game Freak: The Creative Group Rewriting the Rules in the World of Play (reported on by DidYouKnowGaming, incomplete)

Publication Date: September 1, 2000 (approximate)

Subject(s): Pokémon

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Akihito Tomisawa, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This book contains a lot of people talking about what someone else said, without direct quotes. DidYouKnowGaming had a portion of this book translated and this video contains a portion of the translation.

Summary: He didn’t care what genre Pokémon ended up being when they were starting work on it. Satoshi Tajiri thought it needed to be a role-playing game, but he was worried they wouldn’t know when to stop if it was. It wasn’t up to him since he was the producer. He’s still not sure it was the right decision.



Publication Date: September 3, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, multi-purpose game systems, online games, movie-type games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Edge interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This seems to be a version of an interview with Edge magazine that was posted on GamesRadar, though both versions have some unique questions and answers. GamesRadar is still around and has archives going back this far, but they do not include this interview. This interview took place at Space World 2000, which ran August 24-26, 2000.

Summary: The GameCube will have a lot of RAM, so you won’t see much difference in loading times compared to the Nintendo 64. PlayStation players are generous when it comes to loading times.

He takes a rational approach with his ideas. He thinks about what he’d like to play, has a lot of conversations, and usually comes to a conclusion about the “play” he wants to have.

The GameCube will be easier to develop for because it will be easier to have a standardized set of development tools. The 1T SRAM is the world’s best graphics chip.

They don’t have the intention of fighting a console war. They will make fresh and exciting games, and go their own way. The GameCube will be for the whole family. People who grew up playing Super Mario Bros. may have children playing games. That’s how video games should be: for the whole family.

The Nintendo motto is that they have to do what only they can do. Multi-purpose game machines often can’t do anything. He doesn’t like hardware manufacturers leaving software developers to lead the market. They have been experimenting with mobile phone technologies with the Game Boy. They are trying to launch with a game that uses the modem. They are going to expand entertainment by linking the GameCube and Game Boy Advance.

They are working on GameCube games featuring Mario, Yoshi, and Link, but he doesn’t want their developers to solely focus on established series. Games like Animal Crossing, which is a “family communication” game, they hope to bring to GameCube.

For GameCube it’s important they start with ideas, then characters, so they can see what’s working. They keep in mind what was important and fun for them as children.

Some say movie-type games can be fun, but he disagrees. They can learn a lot from the movie industry, but integration should not be the goal. They make interactive entertainment. Hiroshi Yamauchi has different ideas. You can make a lot of money from a simple idea. When people say they are going to make a movie-type game, it’s like they’re saying they’re going to spend a lot of money on graphics and sound. Time and money should be spent making magic.

Other than Nintendo, he is very impressed with Rare. Otherwise there are not many unique games.

It will be easier to develop for the GameCube than the Nintendo 64 and its cartridges.

He’s bad at the banjo, but practices the guitar.

As a member of the board of directors he has a bigger responsibility to see the big picture. He is supervising 30 titles but only deeply involved in two or three. He hopes he can sell the Mario 128 demo free of charge.

He preferred having smaller development teams, but also gets stressed working on one game at a time. He’s been seeing a lot of games lately and can’t enjoy himself. Connecting the GameCube and Game Boy Advance is really fun.



Publication Date: September 3, 2000

Subject(s): The future, parents and children

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Aleks Krotoski, Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:


Notes: Bits was a television show that aired on Channel 4. The short portion of the interview shown in the video does not quite match up to the interview on Miyamoto Shrine, and the show doesn’t really seem to do long form interviews either, so the full interview must have appeared on the Bits website. The previous episode of Bits shows some more footage of the interview, but it is talked over.

Summary: [From the Miyamoto Shrine.]

He can’t predict the future, and that’s what makes it interesting.

It’s easier to simulate the 3D world with the GameCube. Creators can now freely make their dreams come true.

Parents used to complain about their children playing video games, but now many parents grew up playing games themselves. Now they can play alongside their children, so video games are becoming more for families.

GameCube discs are small enough for a child to hold, and the system can easily be brought from a child’s room to the parent’s room.

He feels lucky that Mario became so famous. The game was interesting, and the character followed. He wishes to make a second or third Mario.

[From the video.]

The Nintendo 64 was limited, it was difficult just to make the 3D engine. The GameCube can do 3D as easily as 2D.


MSNBC – ‘Zelda’ creator talks GameCube 

Publication Date: September 3, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, the competition, graphics

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Steve Kent, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Steve Kent may not be the interviewer but only the person who posted this interview to ZDNET. The footage of “Zelda” here refers to the more realistic style before The Wind Waker’s cel shaded look was decided upon.

Summary: The GameCube is easier to develop games for than the Nintendo 64 in many ways. Other developers saw Super Mario 64 and thought anyone could make a game like that, but they couldn’t.

Mario 128 is an experiment, it may not turn into a game.

He is working on a Luigi game with the code name Luigi’s Mansion. That will probably not be the final name.

The footage of Zelda, Luigi’s Mansion, and Metroid Prime is not playable because if it was then competitors could figure out their secrets.

The GameCube turned out better than they had hoped.

Tekken Tag Tournament looks good, but the PlayStation 2 games he has seen don’t do anything new. He started with arcade games, which had to look appealing to people walking by. Next generation games have gotten that part down, but there’s something missing. People are focusing too much on graphics and not enough on creativity.


Gamers’ Republic – Shigeru Miyamoto: The First GC Interview

Publication Date: October, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, development kits, game prices

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Gamers’ Republic interviewer, Yasuhiro Minagawa, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place at Space World 2000, which ran August 24-26, 2000.

Summary: They considered who would be using the GameCube as they designed it. It will be used for more than five years, and parents are from the Super Mario generation now, so he wants the whole family to use the GameCube.

He can’t tell how the GameCube’s capabilities will be used to make new games.

Both game players and developers are getting bored with today’s games. They are excited about the GameCube. Someone said GameCube development will be delayed if they keep working on the Space World demo.

They are worried about copy protection, so they are using an original format for GameCube games since everyone will have a DVD-R soon. They decided not to enclose the disc in a case so they will be compatible with a potential DVD playing version of the GameCube that Panasonic may make.

He’s still worried about loading times with optical media, but he found a way to reduce them. They decided to use optical media because they can load as much RAM as they need.

Other companies talk about how many polygons their machines can handle, but then whisper that it is half as many if they have textures, and that lighting effects halve that number. There are many things that can bottleneck a game system. The GameCube’s operations are separated, the internal architecture is balanced.

Their development tools are inexpensive but even they don’t have them yet. They will be the cheapest Nintendo has ever made. You can also use any CG CAD program.

Nintendo would like to have five games ready for the GameCube launch.

He’d like games with a high value to be sold more. He’d be happy if his games cost as much as an AIBO – $2,300. Parents may not want to buy a $30 game for their children, but might buy a $100 game they can play together. His favorite family game is Samba de Amigo.


Edge – Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: November, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, multi-purpose game systems, games he plays, online games, movie-type games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Edge interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview is mostly identical to the GamesRadar interview, but the questions and answers are in a different order and there are a few that are unique to one or the other. This is likely because Edge magazine has never really had an official website, but has partnered with other websites that run their content. This interview took place at Space World 2000, which ran August 24-26, 2000.

Summary: Western Gun was the first game he ever played, and he thinks the first game he owned was TV Game 15.

He dislikes PCs and doesn’t have one.

He prefers working with small teams, but also gets stressed out if he’s only working on one game. It’s been fun working on Game Boy Advance and GameCube connectivity.

His ideas come from asking what he’d like to play. He starts with an experiment and has conversations.

The game he’s played the most is Pac-Man. 

The last game he played was Samba de Amigo with his children. His wife says it is worth ¥10,000, while she usually limits the cost of toys to ¥2,000-¥3,000. He likes the idea of a father playing games with his children after work more than the idea of a father playing online games and not looking at his children.

When he was younger he would play games three or four hours a week, now he helps his kids sometimes when they get stuck.

He likes playing racing and rhythm arcade games, but not Dance Dance Revolution because he’s shy.

He wishes he could have worked on Virtua Fighter. They had a similar idea, but couldn’t get it to work with their hardware.

The GameCube will have a standard set of development tools, to make it cheaper to make games. The programming language will be simpler. The 1T SRAM is the best graphics chip in the world.

He has a big responsibility, being on the board of directors, and he is overseeing about 30 games. There are two or three games he is more deeply involved with. The Super Mario 128 demo is finished and he hopes to release it for free with the GameCube. The dynamism is impressive, you can feel it through the controller. The GameCube can make that dream come true.

The GameCube has a lot of RAM so the load times won’t be noticeably slower than they were with cartridges. It will also be cheaper using discs. PlayStation players are patient with loading times.

They don’t intend on fighting a console war, they want to make fresh, unique games. The GameCube is for families.

Nintendo wants to do what no one else can do. Multi-purpose game consoles can’t do anything. They guarantee quality games, while other companies say “it’s up to you how you use it”. Those  companies ignore the games that are released on their platforms. The GameCube can be multi-purpose, but they’re not promising that it will be. Soon they will be able to link Nintendo systems together.

They hope to have a launch game that can make use of the modem.

Mario was made with Takashi Tezuka. He likes that they are able to make games without having to ask permission, they don’t have to worry about the budget. Their only trouble are in making something new.

He doesn’t think the movie-type game will become interesting. They should absorb some ideas from movies to improve games. Video games are not transforming into any other medium. You can make a lot of money in the video game world with a simple idea, so making a movie-type game is just spending a lot on graphics and sound.

There’s no specific game developer he respects. He admires a portion of Dragon Quest, Final Fantasy, and Seaman.

He’s bad at the banjo. Usually his friends play it while he plays guitar.


Next Generation – Nintendo’s not-so-secret-weapon: Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: November, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, designing hardware, anniversaries

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Next Generation interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto



Summary: Not much has changed now that he is a board member at Nintendo. He goes to more meetings, but he also helped set up the Space World show floor.

The GameCube will be able to connect to the Game Boy Advance, and to a mobile system further in the future.

He likes to work until midnight and then sleep in.

He didn’t work on The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask, but they trained people with the responsibility of each segment.

They shouldn’t have the demographic version of Link or Luigi. The characters of Super Mario 64 were familiar, but the gameplay was new. They come up with new game systems first, and then decide what character to use.

He’d like to focus on making something brand new. He wants to make a GameCube game that delivers a sense of touch, something you can feel in your hand and in your brain. Something people have never experienced, like Mario fried rice.

Hiroshi Yamauchi says that consoles can’t play the core role in the future, that Nintendo can’t rely on legacies.

Just because hard drives exist doesn’t mean they will make a game that requires one.

Nintendo declares what they are going to do, and shows what their hardware can do. Other companies don’t take responsibility for their hardware. Third parties know they will make money with Nintendo’s hardware because Nintendo is going to make money. How can hardware makers say multimedia is the future without showing a business model? Online businesses say they have the infrastructure, but never guarantee the business model.

In developing the GameCube they started by reflecting on the Nintendo 64. It will take less time to develop games. Nintendo will be the first to link a console with mobile systems.

The GameCube is the best in the world at texturing.

When he graduated everyone thought he couldn’t work anywhere, and that he’d leave Nintendo. He was able to work in multiple ways right when he started. Even in the early days Hiroshi Yamauchi told them they had to be different from everyone else.

He forgot that Mario’s 20th anniversary is next year. Nintendo doesn’t do much for anniversaries, they didn’t even celebrate their 100th. With how fast it is to develop for the GameCube they may be able to make a 20th anniversary version of Mario.


GamesMaster – Shigeru Miyamoto Speaks

Publication Date: November, 2000

Subject(s): GameCube, Luigi’s Mansion, PlayStation 2

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed GamesMaster interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place at Space World 2000, which ran August 24-26, 2000.

Summary: The GameCube is not the best ever at graphics, but it is the most well-balanced for game developers, which is why they say it is the ultimate game machine.

There is an issue with loading times now that they are using discs, but they are trying to mitigate it. They have sufficient RAM.

The GameCube is a greater revolution from the Nintendo 64 than the Nintendo 64 was from the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. You’ll have an experience like Super Mario 64 on the GameCube.

Luigi’s Mansion will have familiar faces. The public relations team said he couldn’t show any more.

Anyone can use the GameCube controller. He started working on it three years ago.

The GameCube has a handle to convey that it’s for the whole family and isn’t an immobile piece of audio/visual equipment.

Mario will look less childish, he’s not going to be like Conker’s Bad Fur Day.

He doesn’t feel threatened by the PlayStation 2. Their games will be requisite for everyone.

They don’t intend to fight anyone in a console war. You can count Nintendo out of it, they like to go their own way.



Publication Date: November 12, 2000

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Kris, Eiji Aonuma, Mitsuhiro Takano, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: I could not find any information on CG8.

Summary: He was involved in planning The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask and finishing it up. They decided on the three day system in the first planning session. He also adjusted the three character roles.

The challenge of keeping the game fun while repeating the same three days was handled by Eiji Aonuma. Other Zelda games have this kind of repetition within the terrain, rather than in time. They wanted players to become very familiar with everything that happens in those three days.

On behalf of Mitsuhiro Takano they understood that the repetition was a hardship, they felt it when making the game too. They were tempted to make the game easy, but giving the player too much freedom would not be realistic. By creating many different events they made sure it didn’t become boring. Letting the player try different things makes it enjoyable.

It’s difficult for designers to balance the new players and the people who are experienced with your games. He generally keeps the people that haven’t played the previous entries in mind, but they kept the people who had played The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time in mind instead for Majora’s Mask.

In Ocarina of Time Link could be a dog, a child, or ride a horse, which all provided different kinds of enjoyment. They expanded on that with the masks in Majora’s Mask. You can become a different person and perform different actions.

Isaac Asimov and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle inspired him growing up, as well as Thunderbirds.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Ask Miyamoto!

Publication Date: December, 2000

Subject(s): Pokémon Snap sequel, Cabbage, being included in Perfect Dark

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: The June, 2000 Ask Miyamoto! section had a similar question about being sad that the 64DD would not be leaving Japan.

Summary: If they make a sequel to Pokémon Snap they’d like to add more Pokémon.

Cabbage was cancelled because the developers were busy. Hopefully they will be able to resume development in the future.

He’s still interested in the unused ideas they had for the 64DD.

It’s an honor that a guard uses his face in Perfect Dark. Please don’t chase him.




Famitsu (The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages, untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: April, 2001

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unknown Famitsu interviewer, Yoshiki Okamoto, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: I believe Instrutilus is being given credit for the scans here.


Nintendo Power – A Hero for All Ages

Publication Date: April 11, 2001

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Ki no ue no Himitsu kichi interviewer, Yoshiki Okamoto, Yoshifumi Yamashita, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: This interview originally appeared on the Japanese website Ki no ue no Himitsu kichi. Nintendo Power were likely the translators. The magazine version rewords questions and cuts a lot out, so the full English interview was probably posted on Nintendo Power’s website at some point.

Summary: He exercises twice a week and his wife has been telling him to walk to work. He rode a mountain bike disguised to look like junk to work today.

He trusted the team enough to leave them alone.

They wanted to release The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Ages and The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons a long time ago, and they considered adding something extra for when they are put into a Game Boy Advance since it was coming out soon, but that would have taken more time. It will come out just before the Game Boy Advance since that was delayed.

The team making the Oracle games grew up playing Mario and The Legend of Zelda games, so it’s special for them to be working on the Oracle games.

Yoshiki Okamoto gave him a development schedule that was unbelievable, saying they could bang the games out. He was relieved when they didn’t end up making that game. Mr. Okamoto said he needed eight months to make three games.

It’s more fun to launch both Oracle games at the same time, and they can test them together this way.


Nintendo Dream (untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: May, 2001

Subject(s): GameCube, Game Boy Advance

Format: Essay, transcribed interview

People: Unknown Nintendo Dream interviewer, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: I’m not sure Mr. Miyamoto is part of the interview portion, or if they are showing a picture of him for another reason, but I am including it just in case. Scans by ozidual


Nintendo of America – E3 2001

Publication Date: May 17-19, 2001

Subject(s): Nintendo GameCube (14:52), Super Smash Bros. Melee (16:01), Luigi’s Mansion (20:08), Pikmin (43:19)

Format: Presentation/demonstration (spoken English, live translator)

People: Peter Main, Colin Reed, Bill Trinen (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Uploaded by YouTube user CruznMJD Productions.

Summary: He says he would like to introduce everyone to their new baby, the GameCube. Like all babies it’s small and can make a lot of noise. There was a lot of discussion about which character should appear on the GameCube at launch.

[Super Smash Bros. Melee trailer plays]

Tomorrow you will be able to play Super Smash Bros. Melee on the show floor.

[Luigi’s Mansion trailer plays]

Luigi won a mansion in a contest, but it was haunted. A suspicious doctor tells him he needs to get rid of the ghosts to save Mario.

The WaveBird is a wireless controller, you can use it 30 feet away. The angle of the grip on the GameCube’s control stick may feel tight, but it ensures you have a natural angle of interaction. You will never press the wrong button. The C buttons from the N64 have been integrated into a control stick. The L and R buttons click when you press them in all the way. The controller may seem complicated, but it will seem simple when you get your hands on it. Rumble is built in.

GameCube discs can hold 1.5 gigabytes.

[He starts playing Luigi’s Mansion]

It’s dark, so Luigi uses a flashlight. You use the light to startle ghosts, then suck them up. You can spray water with the L button, a little bit or a lot. You can use the Game Boy Advance as a controller for the GameCube.

They have been challenging themselves to come up with something unique.

[Pikmin trailer plays]

Colin Reed was the main programmer, and he’s here today. He is going to use the WaveBird to play. The theme is based off of a group of ants. The main character crashed on this planet and needs the Pikmin’s help. The Pikmin work in groups, like ants. You can store Pikmin in their nest. The three colors represent different natures, the leaf bud and flower forms have different characteristics. When you get home and look in your back yard you may find Pikmin there.


Core Magazine – Shigeru Miyamoto: One on One/GameSpot – Miyamoto discusses GameCube development

Publication Date: May 17-19, 2001 (assumed)

Subject(s): Influences, inspiration, GameCube, Luigi’s Mansion, Pikmin, names of Nintendo characters

Format: Q & A

People: N’gai Croal, Members of the press and E3 attendees, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: Despite the Core Magazine title, this was a group Q & A session, not a one on one interview. The GameSpot article has the wrong date, but I’m pretty sure it’s covering the same event.

Summary: He was influenced by art school and Space Invaders to get into game design. When making a new game he draws on his industrial design background and tries to make something never seen before.

Working on larger projects means being a producer overseeing people. This can make it difficult to make changes, which is mainly why he avoids cinema features.

Moving from the Nintendo 64 to the GameCube was not as hard as going from the Super Nintendo to the N64. His input on the GameCube consisted of pointing out the limitations of the N64. Developing for the GameCube is so easy that there will be more titles, he is working on 30 of them. To make the next big leap developers need maximize research.

Luigi’s Mansion and Pikmin came from trying to make games without jumping, wanting to make a Luigi game, and doing a game about gardening.

The name “Zelda” came from wanting an eternal female name, and a friend suggested Zelda because of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s wife. “Kong” has an ape connotation and “Donkey” is associated with stupid. Mario was a carpenter in Donkey Kong and a plumber in Super Mario Bros.

When he said that Mario needed to grow up he meant that his design would be updated for the GameCube. Mario’s design was too focused on children, but Mario is for everyone.


Extended Play

Publication Date: May, 2001 (assumed)

Subject(s): GameCube

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Unnamed Extended Play interviewer, Adam Sessler, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: There is little information about episodes of Extended Play from this era, but this covers E3 2001 so it likely aired soon after. Uploaded by YouTube user Craig Spurlock.

Summary: The GameCube is the best in terms of balance and power. If they only focused on graphics and sound it would spoil the joy. They’re working hard on unique games.


IGN – Shigeru Miyamoto Roundtable: Part I/N64 Magazine – Shigsy Speaks

Publication Date: IGN: June 11, 2001, N64 Magazine: August, 2001

Subject(s): Starting at Nintendo, Metroid Prime

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press and E3 attendees, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: This seems to be the same E3 2001 roundtable event as Core Magazine – Shigeru Miyamoto: One on One, but with more answers. I will only be summarizing what wasn’t mentioned there. I also came across this N64 Magazine version later, and I am including the whole thing in this entry even though this is part one of two of the IGN article.

Summary: When he joined Nintendo he worked on designing the housings for arcade machines.

His parents were strict teachers but his mother supported him going to art school. They were disappointed that kids lost studying time playing his games.

He uses a lot of memo cards, posting them on the wall. He creates visually and then consults with other designers. Doodling helps him focus his ideas.

It’s hard to pick a favorite game of his, but Donkey Kong was impactful and set his path.

The team working on Metroid is the best team for the job. In discussions it came up that first-person might be the best way to go, but that’s not final. Lately there has been a focus on creating a game that matches the market. They try to avoid situations where a team isn’t given the right game.

The criticism from Japan is a lot worse than the U.S.

He doesn’t spend his free time playing games. He likes to play guitar, build things, and work in his garden.


IGN – Shigeru Miyamoto Roundtable: Part II

Publication Date: June 12, 2001

Subject(s): Online multiplayer, Pikmin, designing hardware, emulators, influences

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press and E3 attendees, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This is part two of two.

Summary: He has tried to push multiplayer forward. They are looking at massive multiplayer experiences. The environment is different in different countries, with phone charges and internet service providers. Interacting with others is more fun than interacting with a computer.

Artificial intelligence will never be able to replace people. Computers don’t have likes and dislikes.

Game developers don’t have time to come up with new ideas. He wishes they had more freedom to get new ideas out there.

When he said Mario needs to grow up he meant his design needs to change. Mario should appeal to all ages.

The idea of Pikmin is based on a group of ants. They took pictures around his neighborhood for the backgrounds. The Pikmin can build bridges, tear down walls, and build fortresses. They have different abilities if you pluck them as a leaf, bud, or flower. He wants people to go for a walk and look for Pikmin.

He needs to know the capabilities of the hardware he uses, what causes it to slow down. He tells the hardware designers where the limitations lie and how they can be fixed. They’ve been planning for the Game Boy to link with a console since the Nintendo 64.

Nintendo has been working on emulators. There is a Nintendo Entertainment System emulator in Animal Crossing, you can go into your house in the game and play Nintendo Entertainment System games. It’s an issue that they can’t guarantee how a third party game will work on an emulator, that’s why Animal Crossing only includes first party games.

There weren’t any other serious game designers when he started, so he doesn’t really have any influences. The word play of Japanese comics and cartoons influenced him. He has a lot of great directors working under him.


The Electric Playground – E3 2001 Spectacular! – Electric Playground – S6:E13

Publication Date: June 13, 2001

Subject(s): Pikmin

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Tommy Tallarico, unnamed translator, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He has been gardening recently, and has noticed many creatures and plants. This led him to come up with Pikmin, which are half animal and half plant.


Los Angeles Times – The King of Donkey Kong 

Publication Date: July 12, 2001

Subject(s): Technology

Format: Transcribed interview

People: David Colker, Bill Trinen (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This article is oddly formatted, with descriptions of his various devices appearing all over.

Summary: They used Macintosh and Windows computers at work until a few years ago when they stopped using Macintoshes. He has a Compaq Presario and Sony Vaio. They use a program called Inspiration a lot.

He has a Sharp personal digital assistant for memos and addresses. He keeps his schedule on Now Up-to-Date.

He looks at the prices of PC cards, NASA’s home page, and pages about places he wants to visit. He looks at satellite images, trying to find Nintendo of America’s headquarters in Seattle.

He doesn’t have a cell phone, they take your freedom. He also doesn’t have a GPS.

He has a Sega Dreamcast at home.

He has a 16 year old boy and 14 year old girl. They like playing The Legend of Zelda.


Unknown – Space World 2001

Publication Date: August 23, 2001

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble 2, online gaming, Luigi’s Mansion, Game Boy Advance’s screen

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This was the last Space World. This Space World took place August 24-26, so I’m not sure if the date is inaccurate or if this event took place before it officially opened.

Summary: He’s not ready to talk about The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, he wants to focus on games coming out soon. He’s been working on The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Oracle of Ages and it made him wonder what Link’s ideal age is. He wants to pursue a more grown-up The Legend of Zelda game.

When an arcade game gets rave reviews there will be several games that copy it. Only the enthusiasts can tell the difference between them. He hates how the most sought after people are the ones with better technology and skills, not the ones with new ideas. That’s why he told his staff they should have more freedom. People were looking forward to the more realistic looking Link from an earlier demo. Since he doesn’t want to hurt those people’s feelings he is focused on making The Wind Waker as unique as possible.

The Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble 2 demo was GameCube game with a Game Boy Advance cartridge used just for the tilt sensor. It should also include a communication feature so you can play it on the Game Boy Advance. When they sell the cartridge with the tilt function third parties will be able to use it.

Nintendo is skeptical of the business part of online games. He can’t say he isn’t interested in online games. People saying “online online online” can’t think of any other way to make games. They are preparing to expand into online gaming. Online games are a type of communication game, and Animal Crossing is a communication game.

They were going to show Metroid Prime at Space World, but he wasn’t satisfied with the controls and sound. They plan to release it within a year. They give suggestions to Retro studios, have conferences, and sometimes face to face meetings.

Ideally people will buy a GameCube game and the Game Boy Advance game it can connect to.

They have to sell Super Mario Sunshine during the summer. Yoshiaki Koizumi is deeply involved with it.

Luigi’s Mansion is more complex than the ideal of the A button and the analog stick. If they had released Super Mario Sunshine first people wouldn’t be having trouble with the controls.

Some parts of Super Mario 128 were incorporated into Pikmin.

Mario Net is still being improved. It will be simple and complicated.

It’s technologically possible to have Mario and Luigi together, they are always talking about it.

In the future there may be changes to the GameCube controller, making buttons larger or smaller.

He was a bit disappointed that Super Mario Sunshine was not a launch title, he was busy with Pikmin and some people really wanted to release Luigi’s Mansion.

The Game Boy Advance’s screen is due to a balance between price and gameplay. They are encouraging developers to use brighter images. It would more expensive if there was a backlight.


Publication Date: August 24, 2001 (assumed)

Subject(s): Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Presentation (live translator)

People: Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: The title and description of the say this video is from Nintendo World Report but I could not find this video on their YouTube channel. Uploaded by YouTube user Archive64.

Summary: He has the promo and will show us.


Famitsu (Pikmin)

Publication Date: October 27, 2001

Subject(s): Pikmin, how people play games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unknown Famitsu interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: People say that games are getting worse when they see sales numbers go down. But people don’t buy games because there aren’t games they want to play.

People use to try to beat a stage every day, but get tired eventually. An example of a game that is fun and doesn’t make you tired is Animal Crossing. It might not be for goal-oriented players, but it is for people who aren’t looking for a challenging game.

A Pikmin day lasts 15 minutes, but you can waste it, so it’s a casual game. Ideally people who don’t play video games will hear about it and try it out.

It’s more important to kids to that they play together, it doesn’t matter what it is. The important thing isn’t how good a game is. There’s a danger in targeting a core group for years.

Pikmin has less action than Mario, but more than Animal Crossing. He wanted to make an action game where you aren’t directly involved. He was half producer and half director of Pikmin, just like with The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time.


Mainichi Shimbun (reported on by NintendoWorldReport)

Publication Date: Reported on November 20, 2001

Subject(s): GameCube sales, launch titles, online games, influential games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Max Lake, Unknown Mainichi Shimbun interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Translator: Fennec Fox for Video Senki

Notes: This is a report about a translation that Fennec Fox did for their website of a Mainichi Shimbun interview with Shigeru Miyamoto. There is no archive of the page on Fennec Fox’s Video Senki website nor is there is an archive I can find on Mainichi Shimbun’s website. This may not be the entire interview.

Mainichi Shimbun is a Japanese newspaper.

Summary: He wanted the GameCube to sell better. Pikmin has sold enough to get another printing.

They can’t rely on the pattern of launching every system with a Super Mario or The Legend of Zelda game. They have to try new things. They have to change since the industry is slowing. They have to get more people interested in video games.

Games are a form of communication, that’s why they are selling the Mobile Adapter GB. They can’t make an online game until more homes have the Internet. An issue with online gaming is maintaining servers. Online games aren’t fun enough to sell two or three million copies.

He has a lot of secret ideas for online games. He is alarmed by companies that ran out of ideas and turned to online games. People should ask themselves if online games are the pinnacle of gaming.

Some think Nintendo will be in trouble when online games become more popular, but they have communication games.

It’s vital for players of his games to be creative and think about what they’re doing.

It’s important to try to do something that no one else can do. Game designers have to have a unique perspective, solve tough problems, and work hard every day.

Samba de Amigo left a big impression on him. Pac-Man was the first game where he saw effort in its design. When he saw it he felt like he’s found his calling in life.


Pikmin: Nintendo Gamecube, The Official Nintendo Player’s Strategy Guide

Publication Date: December 3, 2001 (approximate)

Subject(s): Pikmin

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Power interviewer, Masamichi Abe, Shigefumi Hino, Colin Reed, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Various book selling websites give this a release date of January 1, 11 months before the game was released in North America. I don’t know the exact date this was released, but it must be close to Pikmin’s release date. This player’s guide was made by Nintendo Power.

Summary: He was responsible for the game design of Pikmin. He combined the work of the two directors, and came up with some ideas.

His one request while they were making the GameCube was to animate objects. His people had 10 to 20 characters in mind, but he was thinking more like Super Mario 128. He still wants to make a game out of Super Mario 128, though he used some of its ideas for Pikmin.

Rather than plants early tests had characters named Adam and Eve. At first the idea was to watch their lives, you could be god and make them fight or have children. The problem was figuring out the goal of the game.

In the last half of the Nintendo 64’s life they thought about new concepts of what a game could be. The teams that worked on Yoshi’s Story and 1080° Snowboarding formed the foundation of the Pikmin team. He asked them to make a game that was nothing like Mario. He wanted to make a game for regular gamers and people who haven’t played a game before.

Even though you only control Olimar it feels like you’re moving the Pikmin.

They didn’t decide that they were small until they finished the game design. The Adam and Eve prototype was a primitive world. He originally thought of the Pikmin as 30 to 50 centimeters tall. He chose red, blue, and yellow because he likes vivid colors. They used to be shaped like bulbs and had different shapes like fat or tall.

The GameCube is powerful to show health bars for each Pikmin and for systems that separate your tired or favorite Pikmin, but they removed things like that because they were too complex.

Mario Club testers liked the E3 demo version better because the Pikmin always did what they were told. That would be easier, but not as good.

Pressing the C stick in the direction opposite of your movement will keep your Pikmin organized in lines.

Pikmin used to use the A and B buttons for different things, but they simplified it to mostly use A.

Within the last two months of development he had whistling to pick sprouts removed. You had to punch a 10 coin block in Mario 10 times.

He didn’t want the player to think of the camera. There may not be another 3D game with a camera like this. The top-view camera is good for skilled players, but turns the Pikmin into playing pieces, so he wanted to remove it. A first-person camera would be immersive but difficult to play.

They considered adding more puzzles, but it would become too much of a game if they did. He wanted the locations of the ship parts to be natural.

The game lasted 40 to 60 days originally, but if it was that long players would only want to play once. The game becomes more interesting the third or fourth time. Doing better each time is an important part of gameplay.

He came up with challenge mode when thinking of casual play. He considered a two player mode with red Pikmin versus blue Pikmin, too.

He’d like Pikmin to be as popular as Mario, he has lots of ideas he didn’t implement.


Famitsu (Yuji Naka interview)

Publication Date: December 28, 2001

Subject(s): Sega, Nintendo, competition, game development

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unknown Famitsu interviewer, Yuji Naka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Translator: shmuplations

Summary: He’s talked with Yuji Naka before, but this is their first proper face-to-face meeting.

The players decide who is leading or catching up. Sega overtook Nintendo in America.

There were a lot of games that imitated Mario, but Sonic was unique and had personality. It was made by people who understood what games are about.

Nintendo is like Namco, they both spend a lot of time doing the final tune-up. They have a saying: “it takes five years to build your brand, but only two to ruin it.”

He thinks every game company has people working late into the night. They have impossible deadlines at Nintendo. He has to reassure employees who ask if they have time to add new things. They feel like if a game feels rushed they’ll be ashamed.

Making games has become easier now. When making Super Mario 64 there was an idea in a planning document about Mario climbing a flagpole and doing a handstand at the top. That would have taken weeks to animate in 2D, but it took about four days.

In 3D you have a sense of being there. He wanted to make a 3D Zelda game to see that world.

Mr. Naka was proactive in testing the GameCube to Game Boy Advance connectivity.

A The Legend of Zelda and Mario game are being made, but he’s not directly involved. You can see what they did with The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker when he wasn’t around. He has some disagreements, but he likes the new direction.

Yuji Naka has a great work ethic. A high quality game sets a standard, and Mr. Naka is one of the few people who can make such a game. They can add Sonic to Super Smash Bros. anytime.


CNBC (reported on by Nintendo World Report, possibly incomplete)

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on December 31, 2001

Subject(s): GameCube to Game Boy Advance connectivity, GameCube releases

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Billy Berghammer, unknown CNBC interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: When everyone looks at the same screen during multiplayer the best player gets an advantage. GameCube to Game Boy Advance connectivity means that won’t happen, and it opens the door for new types of gameplay.

Most people who have a GameCube also have a Game Boy Advance.

Unlike the Nintendo 64, GameCube releases will not slow down over time. There should be 20-30 first and second party games by Christmas.




Unknown (Super Mario Sunshine)

Publication Date: 2002

Subject(s): Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Yoshiaki Koizumi, Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Translator: shmuplations

Notes: The shmuplations article contains two interviews, the first is covered in this entry, this one covers the second.

Summary: He didn’t give any directions at the beginning. He trimmed the non-Mario stuff from the ideas Koizumi and others gave him.

The staff would tell him to write down what Mario is when they had arguments. People only understood when things are going smoothly. He has an intuitive sense of Mario-ness and Zelda-ness. In Mario you polish your action skills, in Zelda games you become more familiar with the world. You play with the environment in both. The centerpiece of Mario is action, and anyone can play them. Zelda requires exploration or else you won’t see most of the game and there isn’t as much action.

It’s fun to find your own way to shines in Super Mario Sunshine, using the different moves. The difficulty and puzzles aren’t important because it’s you can play freely. The freedom made it difficult to balance, but they tried to avoid putting up walls to restrict the player.

The gameplay is looser in 3D, you don’t die if you misjudge a pixel. Adjusting the camera is more prioritized than precision.

He’ll be happy if parents and children bond over Super Mario Sunshine.


Dengeki GC

Publication Date: January, 2002

Subject(s): GameCube sales, sequels, online games, Pikmin

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Dengeki GC interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: The GameCube sold less than he expected. They outsold the PlayStation 2 when Pikmin released. Nintendo competes with PlayStation and Xbox in the sense that people have to choose between them, but as to the games they’re making there is no competition.

The teams working on Super Mario Sunshine and The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker know that they can’t do something wrong. They want to release a game a month next year. He’d like to just make new games, but people want to play things like Super Smash Bros. Sequels that only appeal to people who have played the previous game limit themselves to other’s expectations. It’s like you’ve stopped fighting.

He hopes others make use of the GameCube and Game Boy Advance connectivity. If the Nintendo e-reader takes off they’ll be able to release games on paper, ROM, and disc.

Localizing a game for every part of the world is difficult. Online game localization much harder. Making such games would be like giving up on making games for the entire world. He has no interest in making them, even if Nintendo does.

They are discussing making a Pikmin sequel in six months. He has lots of ideas he couldn’t fit into the first and it would work well as a series. He’d like to use Pikmin in other games, they are between Mario and Pokémon in scale.


Computer and Video Games – London Roundtable/SPOnG – Miyamoto Reveals all in Exclusive Interview!, Shigeru Miyamoto Interview Part 2: The most complete interview anywhere on the web

Publication Date: February 1, 2002 (Computer and Video Games), February 22, 2002, February 25, 2002 (SPOnG)

Subject(s): Triforce, third parties, game length, Nintendo in Europe, Hiroshi Yamauchi’s retirement, GameCube Game Disc

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: The Zelda Dungeon page contains the whole article, but does not cite Computer and Video Games as the source. NintendoWorldReport‘s report on this does, but only contains an excerpt. The original interview on CVG’s website is lost. I came across the SPOnG version of the interview, which describes this as being with seven journalists, months later and added some details from it to the summary.

Summary: Triforce is an arcade board made by Nintendo, Namco, and Sega. Capcom and others will use it. It uses the CPU and graphics chip of the GameCube. Games made for Triforce will be readily available for GameCube. The name is from The Legend of Zelda and represents the three companies coming together. There will be an announcement about Triforce arcade games in March or April.

He tries not to comment on other developer’s work. Star Wars games sell very well in America and Star Wars: Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader is much better than previous Star Wars games. He appreciates games like Resident Evil.

Third parties sometimes make games more childish to try to sell more on Nintendo platforms. They ask them to make something suited for Nintendo and they mistakenly think this means something childish, but what they mean by that is to make something unique.

When you beat Luigi’s Mansion, that’s it. With Pikmin some people will quit after beating it, and others will play levels over and over. He hopes everyone plays Pikmin 3 times. They don’t want to increase the size of their development teams to maximize play time, they want to make unique games. Super Mario Sunshine will be like Pikmin in that it will encourage people to play it again and again.

They delayed the GameCube’s European launch to make sure they made enough. There will be 20 games and 500,000 GameCubes on day one, and in two months they want to sell 1 million GameCubes in Europe. He wants everyone, young to old, to enjoy the GameCube. The GameCube has the best performance for developers, it’s compact, and it’s the cheapest. They will start with violet and black GameCubes, then introduce orange.

They have almost decided what drastic change to make to Mario Kart for GameCube. The series is occupying a lot of his time.

Nintendo makes hardware to make software. Video games are mainstream. He was scolded by a mentor for describing himself as an artist on his businesses card.

There will be more applications that use GameCube to Game Boy Advance connectivity.

They’ve all learnt a lot from Hiroshi Yamauchi and he doesn’t know what will happen now that he’s retired. They may be more free in their development now. Please don’t print that.

Making a game playable online won’t necessarily make it more interesting. Making online games can become a trap for a game developer, you can’t go back once you make one. You have to do maintenance. Only about 20% of European homes will have broadband by 2005, they can’t afford to target that market. Not all games will be online in the future.

In Japan people think that role-playing games dominate the industry, but it’s really just Final Fantasy and Dragon Quest.

Games should be judged on how they play, not on their appearance.

They’ve talked with SquareSoft about releasing games on Nintendo systems again.

He and Mr. Iwata have been visiting Europe to talk to Europeans and their needs. They set up a localization facility.

People in the games industry have an inferiority complex. Parents are comfortable with Disney movies, but less so with Nintendo games.

Game consoles that can play DVDs will break and need repairing. Even small children can handle a GameCube. The mini discs the GameCube provide copyright protection. Some game developers feel threatened to make realistic looking games.


Power Unlimited (reported on by GameSen, Cloudchaser Nintendo and the GIA, incomplete)

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on February 16, 2002)

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by unnamed Cloudchaser Nintendo staff and unnamed the GIA staff, Jurjen Tiersma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Dutch Archive Link:

Translator: Rahul Choudhury for the GIA

Notes: These are two English reports on a Dutch report on an interview that appeared in Dutch magazine Power Unlimited. There is apparently more to the interview in the magazine.

Summary: The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker will keep its cel shading, though Link’s eyes have been adjusted. Talking about games is part of the gameplay now. People will understand it once they’ve played it at E3.

Mario’s “backpack” in Super Mario Sunshine is a water gun used to clean paint. The controls are like Super Mario 64’s. The game will release in Europe in 2002. – Interview to Shigeru Miyamoto, the “mother” of Mario

Publication Date: February 18, 2002

Subject(s): Luigi’s Mansion, Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Giorgio Baratto, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Notes: Despite being an Italian outlet, released an English version of this interview. This interview took place at Nintendo’s Italian offices.

Summary: They wanted to introduce something new with the GameCube. You can play as Luigi in Luigi’s Mansion until Super Mario Sunshine comes out.

The small size of the GameCube lets you move it room to room easily. You can move it from the living room to the bedroom, or to a friend’s. He was the first to put four buttons on the right-hand side of a controller, and now Sega, Sony, and Microsoft have done that too. With the GameCube the player immediately knows the big green one is the most important.

A console has to follow fun and simplicity to be successful. It costs a lot of money to make graphics now, for little gain. Only expert gamers and picky journalists will notice, and it won’t improve the game.

He has no problems with creativity, he has hundreds of ideas. Many developers nowadays focus on what they found fun to play growing up, which causes them to make similar games. They want to let young developers make games at Nintendo, unhindered from their memories. The hardware engineers should be the ones thinking about the hardware, not the designers.

More manufacturers is good for the consumers, because prices go down. Games will move towards simple fun. We won’t see fast changes anymore, things will change slowly.

In 2005 only 20% of European families will have broadband. The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time sold 6 million copies, making such a game for the online audience would make less money. Games cost a lot of money to make now so they have to carefully consider the benefits and drawbacks.

Video games used to be made for kids, now adults play too. The GameCube is for everyone.

They used mini-DVDs for the GameCube to keep the console small, because it can find data more quickly, and to make piracy more difficult.

He doesn’t consider himself an artist, that would be insulting to real artists.


Fragzone – Interview:Fragzone February 19th 2002

Publication Date: February 19, 2002

Subject(s): GameCube launch, Super Mario Sunshine, Resident Evil 4, online play

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Fragzone interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: Metroid Prime was made for him, it has a bit more American action. People say Nintendo just makes Mario and Zelda games, they have to show diversity at the launch of the GameCube. Super Mario Sunshine is somewhat of a sequel to Super Mario 64 but is unique. They have more titles for older gamers than ever before. Mario is not made for kids, they make games for everyone.

Games are for fun, and violence is one way to go. They have to be careful since games are interactive. Age ratings are important.

Shinji Mikami considered GameCube the best place for Resident Evil 4 but worried it was too violent. He told Mr. Mikami that was no concern. When you make a game for several consoles it doesn’t live up to its fullest potential.

New features like online play make it harder to reach casual players. About 20% of households will have broadband by 2005. Online play should not be the only part of a game, just an ingredient. They are waiting for the right time.

He’s mainly a producer since he has to look after so many games, but sometimes he gets to be a director.

Gameplay is the most important, he puts the smallest priority on story.

They went with smaller discs to lower costs, and they load quickly.

Mario is hard working, but not smart or attractive, so there may be some similarity with him.

He drives a Nissan Serena. – Miyamoto in Paris!

Publication Date: February 20, 2002

Subject(s): Realistic Zelda games, Sega, Xbox, Pikmin, his children

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Bliss, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

French Archive Link:

Translator: Cloudchaser Nintendo

Notes: Cloudchaser was a gaming website, but I could not find this interview on their archived website. Overgame was a French outlet that had the original article.

Summary: He’s seen the Zelda petition, but making a realistic Zelda would cause issues with GameCube and Game Boy Advance connectivity. Making movement look good is more important than realism.

He drew cartoons, made puppets, and played Space Invaders as a child.

He can talk about game design with Sega’s developers, like Yuji Naka, now that they are no longer making game consoles.

He has been asked to join other companies, but he doesn’t know that he’d be able to make innovative products anywhere else but Nintendo.

The Xbox’s D-pad is large and uncomfortable.

His games are for everyone. He’s glad Pikmin has touched people’s hearts.

He’s not working on a Pikmin sequel right now. There will never be a black Pikmin.

His children do not test upcoming games. After Pikmin was announced his children realized it was named after a guitar pick. His children beat him at Super Smash Bros. Melee.


Ananova – Nintendo aiming for a million European GameCube sales in two months

Publication Date: February 22, 2002

Subject(s): GameCube’s European launch, Mario Kart: Double Dash

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Ananova interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Summary: Nintendo is delaying the GameCube launch in Europe until May so that they will have 500,000 ready. They plan to sell 1 million GameCubes in Europe within two months of launch. There will be 20 launch titles.

After some meetings they have made drastic changes to Mario Kart: Double Dash. Sonic the Hedgehog could be a driver.


IGN – Nintendo Roundtable

Publication Date: February 28, 2002

Subject(s): Animal Crossing, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Hiroshi Yamauchi’s retirement

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press, Bill Trinen (translator), Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: This seems to be the “informal breakfast meeting” covered in the second half of the March 5, 2002 Nintendo Power Magazine Interviews Shigeru Miyamoto and Satoru Iwata entry. I summarized that one first, so this entry will only cover what it didn’t have.

Summary: Animal Crossing has a lot of text, four or five times that of a role-playing game, there are over 300 characters.

Most games that remain Japan-exclusive will likely be anime tie-ins.

The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker will release by the end of the year. He doesn’t want to show it off without letting people play it because then the discussion becomes about the graphics.

Hiroshi Yamauchi has said he is going to retire this year, but also hasn’t shared his plans. He will not be Yamauchi’s successor.

They have no plans to make arcade games.


D.I.C.E. Summit 2002 – Bruno Bonnell, Brian Farrell, Satoru Iwata, Larry Probst, Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: February 28-March 1, 2002

Subject(s): Localization, Kirby’s color, PAL versions of games, names

Format: Interview (live translator)

People: Doug Lowenstein, Paul Provenzano, Bruno Bonnell, Brian Farrell, Larry Probst, Bill Trinen (translator), Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Mr. Miyamoto refers to “the latest Zelda” when talking about localization. At the time this would have been The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages, but it seems a bit more likely he was talking about The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask since Flagship made the Oracle games.

Summary: Nintendo has been focusing on localizing into five languages. They often use humor that is difficult to translate from Japanese, so localization is very important. Using kanji characters requires a lot more memory than European alphabets. They’ve been preparing tools early on in development to make localization easier.

With the latest Zelda game they had the translator finish the game before starting on localization so they’d better understand it. After a game has been localized in English they do other European languages. There’s a place in Germany where it’s all done. The localizers have to be able to get through the game. They spend a lot of time making sure they understand the game.

When working on Kirby they were told that he looked like stomach medicine, so they changed him to be white.

Starting with the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, processing power of PAL versions of games dropped by 20%, causing them to retool games to make them feel how they were supposed to.

He tries to reach universal human emotions in his games, which is why The Legend of Zelda is as popular as it is. Although the relationship between a child and parent varies around the world, the relationship between a man and woman or with a pet varies less. He tries to focus on the more universal relationships.

Mario is known around the world. Nintendo of America laughed at him for coming up with the name Donkey Kong, but people will accept a quirky name if the game is fun. Donkey Kong doesn’t sound weird anymore. There are some names in the Mario series that are different outside of Japan, and he kind of regrets that. When he’s working on a name for a game now he talks to people from different markets. He asks for their patience if they say it sounds weird.

They try to make sure jokes in The Legend of Zelda make their way to other languages, and if they don’t you can talk to his translator. Paper Mario is a game with a very good localization, with rewritten jokes.

He’s a fan of Disney characters and considered making his characters with four fingers. Donkey Kong has five because he’s close to human. Pikmin have three.

Sometimes when Western games use Eastern settings they use a strange mix of different cultures.


GameSpot – Shigeru Miyamoto and Satoru Iwata Q&A

Publication Date: Unknown (interview took place February 28-March 1, 2002)

Subject(s): Portrayal of death in Pikmin, quality versus quantity, Luigi’s Mansion, Super Mario Sunshine, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, future Pikmin games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Ricardo Torres, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This interview was conducted during the 2002 DICE Summit, which ran February 28th to March 1st. The date on this article is incorrect.

Summary: Nintendo makes games for everyone. They had a lot of discussions whether they should say that Pikmin “die” and if they should show them drowning. Nintendo has a group for issues like this, since reactions can vary around the world to this kind of thing. He has to argue on behalf of his games. Making something like Grand Theft Auto III is unthinkable, it’s not something Nintendo would make.

Making good games is more important than making a lot. The Nintendo 64 didn’t have as many games as they would have liked, but there will be more games on the GameCube.

The second half of the year will have lots of third-party releases for the GameCube, almost too many. They weren’t able to launch all of the first and second party games in the first half of the year that they wanted. Some were delayed due to the terror attack in the United States.

There is pressure when people ask for a certain number of areas or certain number of minutes of cinematic scenes in a The Legend of Zelda game.

Rare is independent, Nintendo takes more of a producer role with them. With Retro it’s more of a cooperative effort. They helped Param with the programming and the budget of Doshin the Giant.

Luigi’s Mansion and Animal Crossing are mostly being handled by younger developers. The director of Luigi’s Mansion wanted more time to put more into the game, he has some regrets.

Super Mario Sunshine is meant as a continuation and expansion of Super Mario Sunshine. The director wants to add so many new things that he’s had to tell him that it’s ok if it’s a bit more like Super Mario 64.

The graphics of The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker haven’t changed much from the Space World demo.

His idea is for the GameCube and Game Boy Advance Zelda games to be similar and to be part of a greater Zelda world.

Since just making a game 3D doesn’t stand out anymore they have the choice of whether to make a game 2D or 3D. Luigi’s Mansion and Pikmin are almost 2D games.

He’d like to do more with Pikmin since it was well received. There are a lot of ways to expand on it, like Pikmin Online. That’s just an idea, he doesn’t want to see that all over the Internet.


Club Nintendo (reported on by IGN)

Publication Date: March 1, 2002 (approximate)

Subject(s): E3 demos, Metroid Prime, Mario Kart: Double Dash

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Dan Ekman, unknown Club Nintendo interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Club Nintendo was a name used for many poorly-documented European language official Nintendo magazines. This interview seems to be from the Swedish version, and was available online for subscribers.

Summary: Super Mario Sunshine, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, and Metroid Prime will be playable at E3 2002. They want to have a playable Mario Kart: Double Dash demo.

Metroid Prime development is going well, they have a teleconference with Retro Studios once a week. It will please Japanese, American, and European players.


IGN – Interview: Shigeru Miyamoto and Satoru Iwata

Publication Date: March 4, 2002

Subject(s): 1080° Avalanche, online gaming, Super Mario Sunshine, Metroid Prime, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, game scale

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Matt Casamassina, Fran Mirabella, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: Left Field Productions is not working on 1080° Avalanche anymore, Nintendo has taken over. Giles Goddard will be helping.

They will jump into online gaming when they feel ready. It will be easy to bring Mario Kart online when there is a viable business model.

They’re keeping details of Super Mario Sunshine a secret until E3. The water gun on Mario’s back is important. They’re making a bright vibrant world.

He hasn’t heard of Fire Emblem 64 in a long time. It’s an important franchise and they’re always thinking about how to continue it.

Metroid Prime is more an exploration game than a first-person shooter. This means Samus has to explore tight areas, and it’s easier to use a first-person camera for that. She’ll be using her trademark items and the game will include cutscenes. They want to make sure the perspective switching is easy.

They aren’t showing The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker right now because they want people to play it, rather than judging it on its looks. The artists decided to go for the cel shaded look.

They’re getting more third-party support with the GameCube, but they are focused on making games everyone can enjoy, including older audiences.

There’s lots of gameplay to Super Smash Bros. Melee and Pikmin.

It costs more money and time to make games as graphics improve, but people still want games at regular intervals. There are still big games like Star Fox Adventures and Animal Crossing. Game designers have to decide on the appropriate scale of a game.

Camelot wants to make a role-playing game for the GameCube, but they haven’t heard what stage they might be in.


Nintendo Power – Nintendo Power Magazine Interviews Shigeru Miyamoto and Satoru Iwata

Publication Date: March 5, 2002

Subject(s): Localization, Cubivore: Survival of the Fittest, Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble, 1080° Avalanche, Rare, Star Fox Adventures

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Power interviewer, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link: (the archive of the second page is broken)

Notes: This doesn’t seem to have appeared in the magazine. This interview was conducted at the first annual DICE Summit.

Summary: Nintendo of America’s opinion is one of the most important considerations for deciding what will be localized. Cubivore: Survival of the Fittest has a distinct style and strange graphics that may serve as a barrier. Nintendo of America does focus tests and they have children test games in Japan.

Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble contains Tilt Sensor technology and will allow players to download data from the GameCube. You can get additional play out of Animal Crossing with a Game Boy Advance.

1080° Avalanche will be as close as possible to the original game. It will feel like being on a real mountain.

Rare is more independent, they don’t have to worry about them and they are very happy with them.They sent some people to check up on Star Fox Adventures. He thought it was very similar to Zelda at first, but they have been working to make sure it is distinct.

He used to tell his children silly bedtime stories he made up himself. He would describe strange animals.

[The following is from an informal breakfast meeting with the gaming press.]

He is happy with Pikmin, but the tension makes it difficult for people unfamiliar with gaming.

They are evaluating whether to localize Cubivore: Survival of the Fittest and Doshin the Giant.

Creativity is a competition with yourself, not others. Other companies make things more beautiful, but it’s all things you’ve seen before. Some try to create franchises like Nintendo’s, but they like to make the unexpected.

Competitors try to make them look like they only appeal to kids, but they are focused on games for all ages.

Nintendo was more kid focused during the Nintendo 64 era.


IGN – Interview: F-Zero AC/GC

Publication Date: March 28, 2002

Subject(s): F-Zero GX, F-Zero AX

Format: Q & A

People: Takaya Imamura, Toshihiro Nagoshi, Yukio Sugino, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Links:

Summary: Toshihiro Nagoshi used to be their rival. It’s exciting how his team’s work style is so different.

F-Zero is more of a racing series than a driving series. The handling feels good and the cars get faster and faster.

F-Zero is well suited to an arcade. It will be the solution to the problem Japanese arcades are having.


IGN – Nintendo Promises Big 2002

Publication Date: March 28, 2002

Subject(s): Future sales, releasing more games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed journalists, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This interview is described as being a conference call. I could not find the Bloomberg News story that this article credits.

Summary: The second year of a system is usually when sales reach a peak.

The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker and Super Mario Sunshine will be playable at E3.

They will release several times more games than usual in the next year.


Nintendo Power(?)

Publication Date: April, 2002

Subject(s): Creative process, GameCube, Game Boy Advance, Pikmin

Format: Q & A

People: Nintendo Power readers, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This did not seem to be printed in the magazine, and I can’t find the web page archive, so the title is unknown. The 17 questions all come from Europe, but Nintendo Power was a North American magazine, so this is probably not from Nintendo Power.

Summary: He often plays around with the controller until he comes up with a fascinating way to use it.

There are currently about 30 people working on Super Mario Sunshine.

Online gameplay can be fun, but it is only one factor.

There are currently no plans for Waluigi.

He came up with Pikmin when, while working on a game system, at one point there were many small creatures on screen which moved like ants. He wanted the Pikmin characters to appeal to a wide age range.

He does not see much of a difference between Japanese and European gamers.

The Z button may be difficult to control sometimes.



Publication Date: April 1, 2002

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, online gaming, Pikmin, Metroid Prime, Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble 2

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed GamePro interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: He’s been asked about The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker’s graphics quite a bit lately. He’d like to talk about it more after people have had the chance to play it. He’s read lots of opinions on the Internet. Beautiful graphics don’t make a game fun, and games are starting to look the same as they all try to look realistic. It wouldn’t be a Zelda game if it looked like everything else.

Playing with others is fun whether you’re playing online or not. Giving a game online features doesn’t make it better. Online games are just another genre. They can enter that market when they wish, the GameCube is capable of it. There aren’t enough people online yet, and Nintendo wants to appeal to a wide audience.

Making an online game is easy, but keeping it going isn’t. He wants to work on the next game right after he finishes one. It doesn’t sound fun to do online upkeep. Animal Crossing would be a great online game.

He’s glad Pikmin appealed to a wide age range, and he’d like to keep making Pikmin games. Nothing is competing with it.

Super Mario Sunshine will be structured similarly to Super Mario 64. Mario will have a water gun on his back.

Metroid Prime won’t be just another first-person shooter, it will keep everything that makes Metroid great. It will focus on exploration.

Animal Crossing uses Game Boy Advance connectivity, but it will take a while to localize. Kirby Tilt ‘n’ Tumble 2 will use a tilt-sensor to control the game on the GameCube.

He wishes there were more games that didn’t have an astounding presentation that were still fun to play for people who aren’t good at games.


Nintendo of America – E3 2002

Publication Date: May 22-24, 2002

Subject(s): Super Mario Sunshine (26:09), The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (31:19), The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and Four Swords (39:16)

Format: Presentation/demonstration (live translator)

People: Satoru Iwata, Yoshiki Okamoto, Toshihiro Nagoshi, Yoichi Haraguchi, Bill Trinen (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: I am not entirely certain the Namco representative during Four Swords is Yoichi Haraguchi, it is difficult to hear. There is a small bit at the end of this video where the people who made this video meet with Mr. Miyamoto. Uploaded by YouTube user NintendoNWRExclusive.

Summary: [Super Mario Sunshine trailer plays]

Mario can do several of the same actions as in Super Mario 64, but there are also new ones. Mario can wash sludge away with water. You can stand on a leaf in water and use water pressure to push Mario around.

[The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker trailer plays]

The newest Zelda game looks unique and has a realistically expressive nature. Link can pick up and use the weapons of defeated enemies. You can also play Zelda with four Game Boy Advances.

[Yoshiki Okamoto, Toshihiro Nagoshi, and Yoichi Haraguchi come on stage to play Four Swords]

The player who collects the most rupees is the winner. It’s about cooperation and competition.


Kikizo – Shigeru Miyamoto – Unseen/Extended 2002 Interview Feature, ft. Satoru Iwata & Takashi Tezuka/GameSpot – Miyamoto on Animal Crossing, Miyamoto on Mario, Zelda, and Metroid, Nintendo Q&A with Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: May 22-24, 2002

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Metroid Prime, Super Mario Sunshine, Animal Crossing

Format: Q & A

People: Shane Satterfield, unnamed members of the press, Bill Trinen (translator), Satoru Iwata, Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:


Notes: Despite being from 2002 this footage is available in 1440p resolution. This video was taken for Kikizo. The first GameSpot article’s date is off by several years. Uploaded by YouTube user Adam Doree.

Summary: He likes being called on by directors to help because he gets to be involved with a lot of games, at different points of development.

The cel shading in The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker brings out expressions on Link’s face. They’re trying to make it look and feel like a cartoon. There are two action buttons now, so it’s easier to push or climb a block.

He’s been a producer for Metroid Prime since the beginning. Three members of Nintendo Entertainment Analysis & Development are working closely with Retro Studios. When he first met with them they had other projects going on, so they’ve been working on Metroid Prime for two and a half years. The team is made up of huge Metroid fans. Some people are worried about Metroid into 3D, but Metroid games are about exploration and for exploring an alien world 3D is best. The implausibility of the morph ball has bothered him before, but he was surprised how good it looks in a realistic 3D game. A big element is scanning things.

You’ll collect shines in Super Mario Sunshine. You choose a level and then a scenario. The biggest difference between Sunshine and Super Mario 64 was that there wasn’t a lot going on in a Mario 64 level. Mario can use a water pump to hover or spray water. People will be able to come up with their own routes through levels.

Becoming a dad hasn’t changed his game design.

He gets deeply involved with different projects at different times, which means he gets to experience more. Metroid Prime looks realistic, Super Mario Sunshine is colorful, and The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker looks cartoony. It’s been fun to be involved in all of those games.

Games are for more than hardcore gamers. Some people have an interest in games, but be turned off by the complexity and difficulty. Animal Crossing has no difficulty level. Takashi Tezuka and other directors who worked on Super Mario World 2: Yoshi’s Island thought about what kind of unique game they could make.

There’s a problem in Japan with games being sold after they are beaten, and people buying used games. Most games are designed with a goal, and when players accomplish that goal, they sell the game.

Animal Crossing is a vast tool, with a year long calendar. You can play for a few minutes a day. Up to four people can play, an entire family. He made his kids play it on Christmas so they could see the event. They originally planned for it to be an online game, but they realized not everyone would be able to play it if it was.

He thinks the Triforce arcade board will allow four player link play.


Nintendo Power – Nintendo Power interviews Mr. Iwata and Mr. Miyamoto

Publication Date: May 24, 2002 (website), July, 2002 (magazine)

Subject(s): GameCube, Game Boy Advance, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Power interviewer, Satoru Iwata, Shigeru Miyamoto



Notes: The website only contains a portion of the interview. This interview took place at E3 2002.

Summary: They had to find a kind of expression that fit Zelda and went with cel shading after many ideas. Cel shading is a trend, but Zelda is creating an entire cartoon world, rather than applying cel shading to an existing world. The characters have cartoon expressions and animations. This is the very first Zelda story.

The GameCube is a well balanced machine. People ask if Super Mario Sunshine has 120 stars like Super Mario 64, but that’s not how to measure a game. There is more to do in Sunshine. Designers compare games they are making to games they have played and try to make them huge, but they remember games they have played as larger than they were. They want to make games people play multiple times, like Pikmin.

Their focus next year is on uniqueness and innovation, including more connectivity between the Game Boy Advance and GameCube. 


AP News – Game Creator Appeals to the Kid Within

Publication Date: May 24, 2002

Subject(s): Making characters, designing for non-gamers, E3

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Anthony Breznican, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: This interview took place at E3 2002.

Summary: He doesn’t make characters for children, he wants to draw out the child in adults.

A big problem is people making games for gamers, it makes gaming less inviting. You have to innovate to reach people who don’t play games.

During E3 every year he gets to feel like a rock star.


Nintendo World Report – Mario Kart Progressing

Publication Date: May 30, 2002

Subject(s): Mario Kart: Double Dash

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Johnathan Metts, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This article is about a roundtable event from around May 23, but the roundtable Q & A documented here does not cover Mario Kart: Double Dash, so there may have been another roundtable at E3 in 2002.

Summary: The next Mario Kart is under development. It could have been shown at E3, but they wanted to focus on games coming out in the next year. Screenshots would have given away what kind of game it’s going to be.


Lewiston Morning Tribune – The Game Boy

Publication Date: June 5, 2002

Subject(s): Childhood activities, criticism

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Janis Campbell, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:,1377489&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi7h9qmrcWDAxWTl2oFHWiqBqwQ6AF6BAhcEAI#v=onepage&q=%22shigeru%20miyamoto%22&f=false


Notes: This interview is described as taking place on the phone when Mr. Miyamoto was in the United States.

Summary: As a child he liked to play outside, read manga, and make puppets.

Nintendo’s 3D games are like the puppets he used to make.

People were honest if they didn’t like something he made during college.


Icons – Miyamoto

Publication Date: June 16, 2002

Subject(s): Childhood, Donkey Kong, The Legend of Zelda, Nintendo 64, GameCube

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Unknown Icons interviewer, Bill Trinen (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Icons aired on G4 and each episode was a short documentary about a game, company, character, or person related to video games. Mr. Miyamoto was interviewed for this episode, with Bill Trinen doing the dub and most likely the translation. Uploaded by YouTube user G4Icons.

Summary: He made puppets as a child, and in middle school he drew comic books. He thought it would be great if he had an illness that caused no pain which required him to be at the hospital so he could draw comics all day.

When joined Nintendo his goal was to make toys.

They intended to use Popeye when they started work on Donkey Kong.

Exploring the mountains as a child lingered in his memory and he used those experiences when he started making games. He has wanted to shock, surprise, and bring joy to people through the things he makes since he was a child.

Donkey Kong is special to him because that was the first time he was recognized for game design. Games were mostly made by technical people, it was the first time a designer made a game.

Mario is very expressive, as children are.

He realized that there was more to Super Mario Bros., and wondered if there was intervention from above. It was the first game to be a huge hit around the world.

He visited Skywalker Ranch and talked with George Lucas.

The directors and assistants he’s worked with are making their own games now. It’s important that they still work together.

He plays the banjo, but not as often as he used to.

His children are limited in how much they can play video games, it’s important that they have lots of different experiences.

The Legend of Zelda comes from the idea of exploring a maze and getting lost. It started from remembering his childhood experiences exploring. The Legend of Zelda was the first Japanese role-playing game that sold well overseas.

The Nintendo 64 allowed them to make games in three dimensions.

At first the GameCube didn’t sell quite as well in Japan as they expected, but it caught up by the end of the year. He’d rather focus on how to bring enjoyment to players than the competition.

He’s taken more managerial roles at Nintendo, but he wants to continue to work on games.

Mario is a funny old guy that appears on the cutting edge of technology.

They want to make things that people will never expect.


Electronic Gaming Monthly – E3 Wrap-Up

Publication Date: August, 2002

Subject(s): Nintendo in 2002

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This quote probably came from a larger group interview during E3, but I couldn’t find it anywhere else.

Summary: Their characters will go to work in new games this year.


Nintendo Power/Nintendo Dream

Publication Date: August 9, 2002

Subject(s): Super Mario Sunshine

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed Nintendo Power and Nintendo Dream interviewer, unnamed members of the press, Takashi Tezuka, Yoshiaki Koizumi, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Translator: shmuplations

Notes: This seems to be a group Q & A event, and one question gives the date as July 19. This interview doesn’t seem to have appeared in the magazine, it was likely posted to Nintendo Power’s website. After writing this summary I came across the shmuplations translation of the Nintendo Dream article, which seems to be covering the same Q & A session. I have used this translation to improve the summary.

Summary: Takashi Tezuka has been working with him since Super Mario Bros., and Yoshiaki Koizumi worked on Super Mario 64. When they work on games that are part of a series he feels it’s important to minimize downtime. Producers and directors sometimes do more than their title would suggest.

By summer of 2001 they had the movement of Super Mario Sunshine down, but it felt like something was missing. They were being conservative and they have been returning to the diversity that Super Mario 64 had.

They always try to create a new challenge with each Mario game. They want to use the full extent of the hardware. When they first showed Super Mario Sunshine they didn’t show F.L.U.D.D. because they didn’t want the idea to be stolen. Since then they’ve made the game more like Super Mario 64. He somewhat regrets making Super Mario Sunshine similar to Super Mario 64 because it may not attract people who have stopped playing video games.

He wanted to include the levels without F.L.U.D.D. because that kind of gameplay represents Mario’s roots. There should be simple obstacle courses like this in every Mario game, the ones that make you die 200 times but you still have fun.

Mario moves as players want him to and get attached so they don’t want to sell their game. They make games for everyone, no matter their age.

They have to show that they can take advantage of innovations to show their superiority. If they don’t have movie sequences their competitors might say they aren’t able to. He wants people who haven’t played a game for 10 years to try Super Mario Sunshine. These people might have trouble understanding it on the first day, but they will understand its charm on the second day. He wants all kinds of people to enjoy Mario games, but Sunshine was too hard for the average player. A player who hasn’t played a game in a decade is going to have no idea what’s going on.

There may be apprehension about the GameCube controller, but it feels wrong to use anything else for them at Nintendo. It’s easier and more comfortable than the Nintendo 64 controller. The GameCube’s controller will be standard in 10 years.

They experimented with drawing and erasing graffiti, but the drawing part was very taxing on the GameCube. The younger staff always want to do something new.

Super Mario Sunshine was made with a new system that will make it faster to develop games. It runs at 30 frames per second but it feels like more. There are lots of characters in the game and they will reuse the models for future games.

Delfino Plaza originally had human tourists, but it felt weird for Mario to talk to them.

Some people like semi-automatic camera systems and some don’t. They are making games where the L button shows a 180º view.

3D action games are hard for returning players. Super Mario Sunshine may not appeal to casual gamers.

Super Mario Sunshine is kind of a breakthrough. Even though he’s very good for his age he still has trouble moving characters in 3D. Hovering makes the game smooth, but because it could make the game too easy they added the levels without F.L.U.D.D.

They wanted to use water because the GameCube is very good at reproducing it.

They had discussions about Mario using tools, and his clothing. There used to be sightseers in the game, but it felt strange to have Mario encounter regular humans.


IGN – Interview: Shigeru Miyamoto/Hyper – It’s a-Me – Miyamoto!

Publication Date: August 16, 2002/September, 2002

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Super Mario Sunshine, online multiplayer, Game Eye

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Steve Polak, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: Hyper magazine claims this interview as their own, while IGN credits Steve Polak as a “contributor”. The magazine version moves the last answer to the beginning of the interview. This interview took place during E3 2002, which took place May 22–24. The Game Eye was a peripheral for the Game Boy Advance that was similar to the Game Boy Camera, but it was never released. Console Variations has a page about it.

Summary: For The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker they wanted to challenge themselves and make Link more expressive.

His role has broadened as more people are required to make a game, but he still has time for creative input. Many times he will work with a director and hammer out problems, sometimes he has a different perspective since he’s not directly involved with the game.

He has to show a game at E3 every year even if he doesn’t have a Super Mario 64 every year. Making Super Mario Sunshine has been fun and the GameCube makes development easier. He hopes to show some more experimental games next year.

They are looking to further explore things like the 100 Marios demo and the Game Eye.

An online game requires a lot of maintenance and there is pressure to keep making new content. He would like to explore online games, but he also wants to make sure they are “just right”. They showed communication games at E3, like Animal Crossing. You can take these kinds of games with you on the Game Boy Advance, and have the world change as different players do things. This is a kind of multiplayer game. Their Triforce Arcade boards off another kind of multiplayer, the game you’re playing can change because of you and your friend’s decisions.

They weren’t thinking of Gauntlet when they were making The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past & Four Swords. They wanted to make a fast cooperative game.

They are working closely with a lot of second party developers, but they don’t have the same insight Nintendo does. They don’t have the time to hire and train new people, so it makes sense to work with partners. These second parties are mostly being financed by Nintendo, so they are almost subsidiaries.

A game designer should play games, but it’s also important to consider the broader world of entertainment. This is important to getting inspiration.

Nintendo doesn’t focus on being #1. If they make fun games then success will follow.


Nintendo Book Winter 2002 – Miyamoto on Zelda

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on September 25, 2002)

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Presentation

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This is Zelda Legends preserving some kind of DVD with Mr. Miyamoto that was translated by Planet GameCube. The video footage does not seem to have been preserved.

Summary: The Legend of Zelda was about a child around age 10 going on an adventure. He wanted to make a series where players use their heads.

There has been controversy over the cel shading of The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, especially in Europe. Link was cool and handsome in The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time. Once people got to play it they enjoyed it.

The theme is having fun once you start playing. You’ll have fun and experience a sense of adventure. The controls are easy even though you can do complicated things. The gaming industry uses The Legend of Zelda as the basis for action games.

Another person can participate by giving maps and hints via the Game Boy Advance. They want sisters giving their brothers advice.

They will launch The Wind Waker by Christmas in Japan. Video games are one of the few types of media made in Japan and spread throughout the world. Japanese players have the merit of playing first.


NTSC-UK – Shigeru Miyamoto Interview 

Publication Date: October 20, 2002

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Super Mario, cell phone gaming

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Ben Bufton, Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Summary: He worked on Super Mario Bros. and The Legend of Zelda at the same time. They shared many developers who would say something was a Mario idea or a Zelda idea. The ideas were separated by which game they were appropriate for.

He wanted The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker to have natural movement. They cut two stages, but some still feel the game is too long.

It’s important to create an illusion of exploring Hyrule.

It was harder to transition Mario to 3D than Zelda. Mario became not for everyone. Mario has to be fun to control, but not everyone kept feeling comfortable with it.

He’d like to make games that can be enjoyed by a whole family. It’s not unusual for a mother and child to play The Wind Waker in Japan. They included features so that others can participate.

He lets his kids play two hours of games a day, but only after their homework.

Some cell phones are catching up with the Game Boy Advance. He thinks it’s better to have both, doing what they each do best.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Q & A

Publication Date: November, 2002

Subject(s): Super Mario Sunshine, making successful games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: One is reason there isn’t voice acting in Super Mario Sunshine is to keep localization times down.

Super Mario Sunshine’s European release won’t be easier than the Japanese version. Don’t give up, you’ll get better the more you play.

They’re always trying to make new games at Nintendo. This year they’ve released Animal Crossing, Pikmin, Doshin the Giant, and Eternal Darkness.

To make successful games he likes to have an invisible thread between the player and the character they are controlling, and to create immersive worlds.


GamePro – Interview With Nintendo’s Shigeru Miyamoto and Eiji Aonuma/Nintendo Power – The Masters Speak

Publication Date: December 6, 2002

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Q & A

People: Fennec Fox, unnamed members of the press, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Links:


Notes: This press Q & A took place at an unnamed conference and was not published in the magazine. This interview is also available here. A somewhat abridged version also appeared in Nintendo Power, which is where the scans are from.

Summary: A two and a half year gap between The Legend of Zelda games is pretty fast considering they redid the graphics. While The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker has been released in Japan, Metroid Prime has not. The Wind Waker has more story and characters than other Zelda games so it will take longer to localize. He was the producer and Eiji Aonuma was the director.

The direction and script writing happened after The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask was finished, but they were experimenting with graphics before then.

They have wanted to use wind as a mechanic for a while.

With disc-based media they could make characters with their own behavior and routines.

People stop worrying about the graphics once they are playing the game. It’s for children and adults. When a game is realistic it’s jarring when something unrealistic happens.

Link’s proportions were just as important as the graphical style. If they made a more action-heavy game then the proportions wouldn’t work. Nintendo is trying to do something different and appeal to everyone, not to make kid’s games.

He was worried so many returning items would make The Wind Waker feel old, but adding too many new ones will confuse inexperienced players.

The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time Master Quest didn’t require anything from the 64DD so porting it to the GameCube wasn’t an issue. They wanted to make Ocarina of Time Master Quest accessible to more people, but weren’t sure how. They haven’t decided how it will be distributed outside of Japan. Ocarina of Time on GameCube runs at four times the resolution of the original.

They considered having Link’s eyes change color to red during battles. His eyes were black originally, but they experimented with other colors, and some pre-release screenshots show them that way.

Many people don’t have much time to play games and he doesn’t want to hear that Zelda seems too long. Several events can be done out o order, and you don’t have to do all of them.

There aren’t enough developers at Nintendo for everything they want to do, so they use second parties sometimes.


Weekly Playboy (reported on by Nintendo World Report and GameForms, partially untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: December 10, 2002 (approximate)

Subject(s): GameCube sales, Pikmin 2, Super Mario Sunshine, Super Mario 128

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by Rick Powers and J.T. Kauffman, unknown Weekly Playboy interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Website screenshot:


Notes: The scans are by Cheesemeister3k and the magazine was bought by DrLavaYT for use in this video about Super Mario 128. The screenshot of the GameForms article is also from DrLavaYT.

Summary: Super Mario Sunshine sold less than one million in Japan, and 2.5 million worldwide. Some think it’s too hard, but he doesn’t think that’s why it sold like that. It was an evolution of Super Mario 64. There weren’t enough new and unique games to sell many GameCubes.

Brand names are important to selling consoles but he still wants to make new things.

A lot of games use cel shading, but nothing animates like The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker. The enemies have expressions, too. It’s the most extravagant The Legend of Zelda game.

They are working on Pikmin 2 and the Super Mario 128, which has something that Super Mario Sunshine didn’t.




Unknown (discussion with Yasumi Matsuno)

Publication Date: 2003

Subject(s): Game development, reputation, Bow-lingual

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Yasumi Matsuno, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Translator: shmuplations

Notes: This is more of a discussion than an interview and I have no idea where it originally appeared.

Summary: You’re more critical of a game when you aren’t working on it. It’s important to have a producer with that vantage, and who knows the original aim of the game. You can see things clearly at the end of development that the people working on the game wouldn’t be able to.

After the planning phase he lets things progress on their own. He checks in from time to time. Developers show him when they have things working. Then he spends six to 10 months in the development rooms. He’s looking for something new and signs off on things when they are original enough. As long as the story doesn’t contradict existing canon it’s fine.

The developers don’t fight him, partly because of his age. He has a reputation for flipping tables and going on a rampage, but that’s more of a joke that helps people feel better when their work is scrapped.

By the end of development of a game you make compromises, calculating your hours of sleep and the time you can spend with your family.

When everyone is on the same page about why they’re making a game it becomes easy to trim away the excess. Sometimes developers will see everything as important towards the end, but you have to ask yourself what’s truly essential. He tells the staff they’ll understand the cuts when they play the game six months from now.

He remains detached so that he can see clearly. A huge planning document will be full of conceits, but he doesn’t tell developers not to write so many details. You can’t tell a person to only include the important parts.

He tells the designers of Mario levels to start by deciding the size of the level. New gameplay elements should be used four times within a level. First in a safe place to experiment with, then a place to play with it, then a place to apply their knowledge in a new way, and finally a place where it’s taken to the extreme. If they get stuck he tells them to work on something else for a while.

Bow-lingual and Taiko no Tatsujin got his attention last year, and before that Samba de Amigo. Those are the games the industry needs. Bow-lingual’s appeal can be summed up in a sentence, unlike most of his games. He’s resigned himself to making what fans want from long-running series. He’d like to broaden the game industry.

Producers have to stop the tendency to put more and more resources into the graphics. He’s been telling his staff not to work too hard on things so that they don’t run out of space. If they go too far it eats into someone else’s efforts.

It’s scary to think about how the staff sees him, and some are scared to talk to him. Sometimes he makes a joke and it ends up in the game because someone thought he was serious.


Electronic Gaming Monthly – Afterthoughts: Metroid Prime

Publication Date: February, 2003

Subject(s): Metroid Prime

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Electronic Gaming Monthly interviewer, Steve Barcia, Kensuke Tanabe, Karl Deckard, Mark Pacini, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He saw tests from Retro Studios four years ago and knew they could make a good Metroid game. Americans have been waiting a long time. In the Nintendo 64 era they never came up with any concrete ideas. 

They had to toss out first-person shooter stereotypes.

They’ve been discussing future projects with Retro.

Alpha Beetle stands out to him, it was the first enemy they saw working and he realized they could build off of it.

He’d give Metroid Prime a 12 out of 10.


Power Unlimited/Game Kings (reported on by IGN, untranslated from Dutch)

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on February 24, 2003)

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by unnamed IGN staff, Jurjen Tiersma, Niels ‘t Hooft, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This article appears to be a translation of this Dutch article. Mr. Miyamoto gave an hour long interview to Dutch journalists, which was reported on in the magazine Power Unlimited and the TV show Game Kings. It’s possible this interview was reported on by other outlets as well.

Summary:  The Legend of Zelda: The Minish Cap will be developed by Capcom, under supervision by Nintendo.

There will be more GameCube and Game Boy Advance games at E3.


Kikizo Archives – Shigeru Miyamoto Roundtable 2003

Publication Date: February 27, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed members of the press, John Tyrell, Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Zelda Dungeon also has a write-up from this event, but does not say what outlet it is from. I have included material from both sources. The NGC Magazine – Miyamoto in London entry also covers this event, but I summarized it first and it didn’t include all of the questions so I am only including what wasn’t covered there. This Q & A took place after Mr. Miyamoto’s appearance at London’s Virgin Megastore on February 21, 2003

Summary: They decided on a sailing boat in The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker so players could control the wind. They also wanted to focus on technology other than graphics.

They weren’t trying to create shock waves with The Wind Waker’s art style, they just wanted to make something new. They had had the issue of a more realistic Link not making sense in the world.

It takes so long to make game engines now, it would be helpful to him as a producer to reuse them. He hopes they reuse The Wind Waker’s engine.

Hayao Miyazaki makes movies that appeal to adults and children. He is a good example of realistic graphics not being necessary to appeal to a wide audience. If everyone bandwagons onto something popular it will have a negative effect on the industry.

He tries to always be involved in non-game activities. It’s important to make friends with people in other industries. He likes playing musical instruments and gardening. He has serious conversations with dog trainers about what “dog” means.

If you make games for several platforms you can’t take advantage of their unique features. Only Nintendo can provide some experiences. They are releasing the Game Boy Player this year so you can play Game Boy Advance games on the TV.

Nintendo has more game franchises than anyone else and most of their teams are making sequels.

He has no concerns about Link being in Soulcalibur II. Namco did a good job characterizing him.


GameSpot – Nintendo Roundtable Q&A

Publication Date: March 3, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Stage Debut, HAL Labs, Rare

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed GameSpot interviewer, Unnamed members of the press, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This was held at the 2003 DICE Summit, February 27-28.

Summary: You need a lot of space to come up with new ideas. He comes up with ideas while working. He’s been taking of the new family dog lately for balance.

He can’t imagine adult Link with cel shading.

He has lots of ideas that wouldn’t be commercial successful, like Stage Debut. They had three or four people working on it for a few years, but couldn’t turn them it into a product. It was still cheaper than developing a Zelda game for a month.

They still don’t see online games as having a successful business model.

70 to 80% of first party games will have GameCube and Game Boy Advance connectivity.

HAL Labs have gotten bigger and are working on more projects. He likes to joke about Sonic being in Super Smash Bros.

Nintendo is working on a Donkey Kong game. They won’t let Rare being bought by Microsoft open any holes in their library. They disagreed with Rare on the future.


Metro – Shigeru Myamoto [sic]

Publication Date: March 17, 2003

Subject(s): Being 50, technological advancements

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Metro interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Miyamoto is spelled “Myamoto” every time in this article.

Summary: He should have come to Europe earlier, but he has barely been able to leave Nintendo’s buildings.

He doesn’t feel too old for new ideas. He is like Dracula, getting energy from younger people.

He doesn’t feel like he violated Universal’s copyright, Donkey Kong is completely different from King Kong.

He has never considered making a movie, it would be an insult to movie directors.

GameCube sales are not satisfactory, but they are proud of the reception from those who own one. They can compete because they are making family friendly entertainment, whereas with Sony and Microsoft are trying to sell gadgets with their systems.

It is difficult to greatly improve the visual experience. Technological advancements make games cost more money make, which isn’t the direction they should go. Games are becoming too complicated for many people.


Extended Play – Shigeru Miyamoto on ‘Wind Waker’

Publication Date: March 21, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Extended Play interviewer, Adam Sessler, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: The video footage of this interview seems to be lost. The TechTV website has a transcript of the second half of this interview.

Summary: They started on The Legend of Zelda at about the same time as Super Mario Bros. Mario was simple enough that anyone could tell what to do next, but with Zelda the player wouldn’t. It was the first time game players had to think to beat the game.

Zelda games are fun because you get to visit the world and experience it.

Around the world they’ve found that people forget about the graphics once they start playing The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker.

He was lucky to have the freedom that he did with the original Zelda. Play testers were confused and didn’t know what to do. They used that feedback to add hints.

Last year they released The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and Four Swords, and they have another Game Boy Advance Zelda game coming out. He was afraid that they’d have several Zelda games that all looked different. Since Link doesn’t mature in The Wind Waker they thought the cel shading style would be natural and they’d be able to give Link a consistent look.

By making Link young in The Wind Waker some of the passionate female Japanese fans couldn’t love him. Many were not happy with the non-realistic style, but they forgot about that once they played the game.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Q & A

Publication Date: April, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Super Mario 128

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: For The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker they started by coming up with using the ocean and traveling by a sail boat that used the wind.

They deleted two stages, including some dungeons.

They didn’t mean to shock people with the art style, they wanted to make something new. They do not have any such reformations planned for Super Mario 128.


Whitworth Media – Gameheadz

Publication Date: April 16, 2003

Subject(s): Donkey Kong, Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda (26:13)

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


A likely better quality version can be bought on Vimeo.

Notes: This documentary seems to have debuted on TLC, though it was made by Whitworth Media.

Summary: He realized games could draw out people’s emotions. His games have reflected his childhood since then. He hated computers and didn’t trust electricity.

[Mr. Miyamoto is showing a concept sketch of Donkey Kong.]

The gorilla snatches the girl and runs away with her. The man chases after with a hammer, while avoiding barrels. A hole appears in the ground, which the gorilla falls into, and dies.

Mario can jump high, but he isn’t superhuman. He can drown, he gets hurt if he falls from a high place. Mario was originally very big, but the game was more interesting with big and small Mario. He made the unwholesome looking red mushroom to make Mario big.

The Legend of Zelda begins with a child standing in the middle of a field. The player doesn’t know what to do after naming this child. It was a daring concept at the time. As a child he was surprised to find a big lake in the mountains. This image has been used often in Zelda. The items are to help the small child become an accomplished adult. The player goes from feeling scared to feeling strong.


Superplay interview with Miyamoto

Publication Date: April, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda, Zelda II: The Adventure of Link, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Superplay interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Translator: SuperSectionX

Notes: Superplay Magazine (also called Super PLAY in the source) is a Swedish gaming magazine, not to be confused with Super Play, a British gaming magazine that published its last issue in 1996. In 1997 a new magazine by the name of N64 Magazine (later renamed NGC Magazine) launched as its successor. Coincidentally both Superplay and Super Play’s successor interviewed Miyamoto in the same month. The original post on the IGN message boards that translated the interview has been lost.

Summary: They were nervous about The Legend of Zelda because it made players think about what they were going to do. Thankfully people enjoyed solving riddles. They worked on it at the same time as Super Mario Bros., and made sure they expressed different ideas. Super Mario Bros. would be linear, and The Legend of Zelda would not be.

Kensuke Tanabe wrote the story of The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and The Legend of Zelda: Link’s Awakening. He and Takashi Tezuka came up with all the ideas for the first game, it was based on his childhood.

The idea for Zelda II: The Adventure of Link was his idea, but different people made it than made the original. It was a bit of a failure, which is why they see A Link to the Past as the true sequel.

They have a huge document detailing how the different Zelda games relate to each other, but it’s not that important. Great stories are important, but they should be easy to understand. He’s not trying to convey a message, he just wants to entertain people.

The gaming industry has expanded, but Nintendo will not make games like Grand Theft Auto. Games are interactive so it’s important to consider the ethical and moral boundaries.

The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker had humor and deeper parts. The Link in The Wind Waker is young Link because he fit into the world better. They started with adult Link, but changed direction. They had to cut some things because they ran out of time.

Link is popular because he is a regular boy who is called upon by destiny to become a hero. It’s always been important to him that the player forms a strong bond with Link.


NGC Magazine – Miyamoto in London

Publication Date: April, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Q & A

People: Unnamed NGC Magazine interviewer, Yasuhiro Minagawa (translator), Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This Q & A took place after Mr. Miyamoto’s appearance at London’s Virgin Megastore on February 21, 2003

Summary: They had to cut two dungeons from The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker due to time restraints. He hopes they can reuse The Wind Waker’s engine.

Nintendo doesn’t make violent games like Grand Theft Auto. They have a responsibility to a mass audience. No one is willing to market it in Japan.

They’re working hard on GameCube and Game Boy Advance connectivity. That and the eCard Reader are the kind of unique things that Nintendo makes.

There’s a danger to the pressure of making constant sequels. Retro is working on Metroid and Sega is working on F-Zero, so third parties are working with Nintendo characters.


GamesTM – Shigeru Miyamoto Nintendo Japan

Publication Date: April, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, making sequels, multi-platform games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed GamesTM interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He’s always trying to make something new, he didn’t intend to create a controversy with The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker’s cel-shaded look. If Link had normal proportions it wouldn’t feel natural.

Negative press at least means people are talking about the game.

It’s somewhat troublesome how busy they are just making sequels of their biggest franchises, but their new employees are growing fast. They have also been working with Retro Studios on Metroid Prime, Sega with F-Zero GX, and Namco with Star Fox: Assault.

You can make similar games on each of the major hardware platforms, which is why developers are making a lot of multi-platform games. That’s good for the gaming audience, but it doesn’t help to get the most out of each console. Nintendo has to make the best first-party games possible.


Nintendo of America – E3 2003

Publication Date: May 14-16, 2003

Subject(s): The Sims (24:44), The Sims Bustin’ Out, The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures (29:06), Pac-Man Vs. (32:07), Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes (38:13)

Format: Presentation/demonstration (spoken English, live translator)

People: Will Wright, Toru Iwatani, George Harrison, Hideo Kojima, Denis Dyack, Bill Trinen (translator), Denis Dyack, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Uploaded by YouTube user CARSLOCK.

Summary: Will Wight made game history with The Sims in 2000, selling something like 25 million copies. Despite Wright’s fame he is still willing to work with him. They’re going to make a version of The Sims for the GameCube that connects with the Game Boy Advance. Nintendo is happy to be working with the teams at Electronic Arts.

They’ve improved upon Four Swords with elements only possible on the Nintendo GameCube. Four players can play, using their Game Boy Advances as controllers. When players go into a house or down a hole they appear on their Game Boy Advance screen. They can put lots of rupees or Dark Knights on screen at once with the GameCube.

He usually says his favorite game is Donkey Kong or Mario Bros. But as far as other company’s games, he has always said Pac-Man. He made a GameCube Pac-Man game. Since he never got permission he is going to invite Toru Iwatani, the creator of Pac-Man onto the stage. He had an idea for a Pac-Man game that connects the GameCube and Game Boy Advance.

[Will Wright, Toru Iwatani, and George Harrison come on stage to play Pac-Man Vs.]

The person playing on the Game Boy Advance controls Pac-Man. The three other players have limited vision on the TV and have to talk to each other and try to catch him. He asks if Mr. Iwatani will approve the project if he wins. Since George catches Pac-Man, he trades his controller for the Game Boy Advance.

He is working with Mr. Iwatani on other projects, too, like Soulcalibur II with adult Link. Next year is Star Fox: Assault.

Today they have shown a strong lineup of connectivity games. They enhance the Nintendo-style of play with your friends fun. There is one more good friend he has invited today, Hideo Kojima. He has known Mr. Kojima for a long time and they are working on a title together.

[Hideo Kojima talks and a trailer for Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes plays]

This is a big collaboration, and another person working with them is Denis Dyack from Silicon Knights. Also working on Metroid Prime with Retro Studios. There is a unique blend of Eastern and Western developers working together.


Computer and Video Games – E3 2003: Miyamoto: the interview

Publication Date: May 16, 2003

Subject(s): Pac-Man Vs., Metroid Prime, games as art, online gaming, Mario Kart, retirement, issues facing the industry

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Paul Davies, unnamed members of the press, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: The whole interview is available on Zelda Dungeon, but the web page containing the second part was not preserved. This interview took place at E3 2003.

Summary: Older games were simpler, which allowed more people to play them. Games got more complicated over the years so fewer people could play them. Pac-Man is still fun, they are adding new elements to it with Pac-Man Vs. that will feel fresh. They want to show that games don’t have to be more complicated or look better, you can add connectivity and it will be fun and exciting.

Metroid Prime was Retro Studio’s first project after adding developers and programmers from different areas together. It went well and now they know Retro’s strengths. Metroid Prime 2 will be cooler. Retro has been excited by the good reviews and a multiplayer mode should be within reach.

Their focus at E3 this year was connectivity. They removed the time limit from Pikmin 2 so you’ll have more freedom. Pikmin is different from Grand Theft Auto but it does share the idea of being free to do what you want.

He sees the games he makes as products for sale, not art. They contain his expression, but he’s not trying to convey that expression so much as to make people happy. When they make a Mario game they try to find a new idea. Being a developer requires artistic expression and creativity, but that doesn’t make games art. Opera can be interesting, but ultimately it is entertainment. You used to see crazy stories that didn’t make sense and people would say it was brilliant, but it’s more likely the creators had to change things at the last minute.

It’s not that Nintendo isn’t interested in online gaming, it’s that it isn’t a viable business right now. The thing about entertainment, like the Rubik’s Cube, is that you can walk into a store and buy it, it’s accessible. The Internet isn’t accessible to everyone, Nintendo won’t limit its user base to one group.

When working on the next Mario and The Legend of Zelda game there’s not a plan, they look at their experiments and develop the one that seems the most fun. They have staff that works on improving an existing model and staff that comes up with new ideas.

They intend to use The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker’s system for another game. Rather than make a Super Mario Sunshine sequel they are working on something fun that will be accessible to a broad audience.

There’s not many Super Nintendo Entertainment System games left to bring to the Game Boy Advance, there will be more original titles.

Anyone can play Mario Kart. They want to keep that element while making Mario Kart: Double Dash more fun and exciting.

GameCube games are not focused on children. It’s important to them to make games that sell well for a long time. Nintendo is good making games that children enjoy, but everyone can enjoy them. They also have Medal of Honor, Resident Evil, Metal Gear Solid: Twin Snakes, Star Wars, and Splinter Cell on the GameCube.

They don’t pay much attention to the differences between the Japanese and Western markets, besides the obvious. First-person shooters aren’t big in Japan, and some Americans love deep and complex games. He was worried about how Animal Crossing would perform, but it’s sold well in America.

Maybe when he’s trained the younger generation and can pass the torch he’ll retire.

He’s been having fun his whole career. Technology is 10 times faster than he had ever imagined they would be. They can create very realistic worlds, a lot of designers fail because they focus on doing that rather than making new gameplay.

They find individual game creators to make games in their franchises. It’s not about the companies they work for.

Declining sales of games is an issue. Consumers can buy consoles for less than they cost to make. Another issue is creating huge games can be so expensive that developers lose money.

There’s nothing he couldn’t do on GameCube but could do on another platform.


Electronic Gaming Monthly – Shocking Nintendo Secrets Revealed!/Afterthoughts: Zelda: The Wind Waker

Publication Date: June, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Oracle of Seasons and Ages, Animal Crossing, The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Mark MacDonald, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: There is a small segment where Mr. Miyamoto comments on various games, this took place at the 2003 DICE Summit, which was held February 27-28. The Afterthoughts interview also has Mr. Aonuma and may or may not have occurred at the same event.

Summary: Capcom is in the planning stages for a Game Boy Advance The Legend of Zelda game.

They are working on a re-release version of Animal Crossing for Japan that includes elements that the American version added.

Retro Studios is working on a Metroid Prime sequel.

Mario Kart won’t have online play for now.

They are working on a Pokémon game for the GameCube that is like Pokémon Stadium.

They’ve wanted to express wind in games, but it wasn’t until now that they were really able to show it blowing.

If they make a Zelda game where Link is an adult they’ll have to rethink the graphical style. 


Nintendo Official Magazine – Rising Sons

Publication Date: July, 2003

Subject(s): Pac-Man Vs., The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures, Stage Debut, missing Pokémon

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He’s mostly focused on Game Boy Advance and GameCube connectivity games right now, but he’ll be working on Mario next year.

Nintendo is discussing how to release Pac-Man Vs. and The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures. They have more freedom with discs than they had with cartridges.

Stage Debut is like Animal Crossing in that it’s for people who don’t like difficult games or working on a game until they finish it. Some games are only fun when they are networked. They’ve been working on Stage Debut since the 64DD. It’s fun to make your own game.

He can’t say anything about the Pokémon missing from Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire.

He thought it would be great to include connectivity in a game like Metal Gear Solid.


Nintendo Official Magazine – He’s not Mr N*SYNC, he’s not what your friends think/Tokyo University Lecture

Publication Date: July 3, 2003 (appeared in September, 2003 issue)

Subject(s): Super Mario Bros., game development, Hiroshi Yamauchi, cutscenes, creativity, The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures, Pac-Man Vs., Stage Debut, Giftpia

Format: Transcribed interview, presentation/demonstration, Q & A

People: Unnamed instructor, unnamed students, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: Nintendo Official Magazine claims to have snuck a translator into a Tokyo University lecture by Mr. Miyamoto. A more complete, but still glossing over some parts, version of this lecture can be found on the Zelda Dungeon page. The Zelda Dungeon version does not name the source of this transcription, and the wording is slightly different in places, probably due to space constraints in the magazine. It’s possible that the longer version was posted on Nintendo Official Magazine’s website. The gameplay footage is likely the same as was shown at E3. The summary is based on the Zelda Dungeon version.

Summary: If you visit a game development studio you won’t see much but desks, Choco-Egg figures, and model kits.

He is a board member. There is no strict definition director or project document. He made Donkey Kong to make use of extra arcade boards Nintendo had. At the time one person could do everything, so there was no “designer”. By the time of Super Mario Bros. he could do the design work and let apprentices do the rest, that was when he became a director. He thought he was going to die working on Mario and Zelda sequels in 1985.

He had people under him do Super Mario Bros. 3 and Zelda II: The Adventure of Link so he figured he was a producer. Nintendo actually use a section chief/department chief system, but people overseas don’t understand that. To sell himself he put “producer” on his business card, which eventually caused him to get yelled at.

Now a game can take 20-30 people and 20 support staff to make. You can make the software in eight months, 12 if it’s a Zelda game. The other two years are spent making a concept and project plan with five people. He doesn’t like when people tell him a game in progress is fun, he wants to hear something’s missing.

You have to fish out the game’s core, the fun part. Sometimes the people on the top and the people on the bottom blame each other and everything goes haywire. When that happens he knocks over the table. When he flips out it’s because he wants to get some work done. He works on four to five games a year. With 10 titles he helps out here and there, gets things on track. When he’s the supervisor he’s not very involved. With overseas developers there’s a monthly phone conference and employees are exchanged every few months.

Video game expos have shown the same things for 20 years. American games didn’t used to be put together very well, but they had variety. He gives the OK to games when someone is sincere, not what will necessarily sell. Games with new ideas.

Hiroshi Yamauchi told him to devote money to what others aren’t doing. Now that the economic bubble burst other companies are in trouble, but Nintendo isn’t. Mr. Yamauchi always said to take the money they make in entertainment and invest it back back in entertainment.

Project documents that propose taking a game but doing something different with it are no good. Some project documents are very pompous.

When he’s asked for an autograph he wants to draw a caricature of the person, but he worries about it looking weird, so he just draws Mario.

Games don’t sell well because of their director, but because they’re good. The PlayStation 2, GameCube, and Xbox aren’t very different in their capabilities. If this keeps up then the competition is just about graphics and sound, which costs money. Game sales are down in general.

One minute of an opening movie can cost 20-30 million yen. This means more has to be spent everywhere else, too. So you have to bring on more people, which makes it harder to shape the whole thing.

He thinks its best to work on stupid ideas, but you have to work on sellable games, too. There’s no difference between the PlayStation 2, GameCube, and Xbox, so they have to make a difference with the software. They also have to keep building on GameCube and Game Boy Advance connectivity.

To really test how fun a game is he’ll invite employees and their children, and watch their reactions. He won’t say anything, he just watches. He and Takashi Tezuka are on the same wavelength.

He wants to help game players be more creative. Cutscenes are passive, comfortable, and becoming a big part of games.

[Promotional video for The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures plays.]

Four Swords Adventures got just an okay response at E3. People wanted something real, where you can shoot a gun. That’s how America is now.

[Miyamoto plays Pac-Man Vs. with three students.]

They made a game you can start playing right away. They made the game in a month, but it probably cost 20-30 million yen.

They’ve been working on Stage Debut since the Famicom Disk System.

[A character that looks like the instructor is on screen.]

Games are for everyone, not just children. He just wants to make games that make high-schoolers happy.

He has the idea for Pikmin 3 already.

Kenichi Nishi made some changes to Giftpia to help it sell better, but he thinks it would have been better if it had been more bizarre.


IGN – The F-Zero Press Conference

Publication Date: July 8, 2003

Subject(s): F-Zero GX

Format: Presentation, Q & A

People: Takaya Imamura, Toshihiro Nagoshi, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Links:

Summary: They’ve finished F-Zero GX and it will be for sale soon in Japan. Today he wants to show the connectivity between F-Zero GX and F-Zero AX.

They want their games to be available to a wide user base. They are looking into having players trade information, like with Animal Crossing.

They have fans among game developers, Mr. Nagoshi grew up playing Nintendo games. They focus forming relationships with producers that will show a lot of care to a franchise.

They’re happy to see Mr. Imamura’s characters come to life.


Electronic Gaming Monthly – Nintendo Changes

Publication Date: September, 2003

Subject(s): System sellers, new Tokyo team, Game Boy Advance and GameCube connectivity, Grand Theft Auto III, Super Mario 128

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Mark MacDonald, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: The summary assumes that “100 Marios” refers to Super Mario 128.

Summary: People used to buy game systems for one game, but that isn’t the case anymore. They want to have a broad lineup of games to reach a broad audience. They have been slowly hiring new people and training them.

Their new team in Tokyo is being built with a core of their Kyoto team. They don’t like buying developers, they prefer to support people who are able to make creative games.

They can trust some developers from large companies to make games from their franchises. Namco is making Star Fox: Assault, Toshihiro Nagoshi is making F-Zero GX, and Shinji Mikami and Yuji Naka want to work on Nintendo games.

He was surprised the PlayStation Portable was announced with a list of specs and nothing to show. Lots of companies have released handhelds, but the Game Boy continues to do well. He wonders if Sony is going to try something like their Game Boy Advance and GameCube connectivity.

He is looking at how that connectivity can change gameplay and future hardware. People say online gaming is the future, but a lot of other things could be. You can create new styles of games with connectivity.

Using discs with the GameCube opens up more pricing options.

They’ll have something Pokémon related to announce for the e-Reader soon.

There are moral issues with Grand Theft Auto III, but it gives the player a lot of freedom. Game developers have to be careful with violence. GTA III doesn’t have polished graphics or incredible cinematic scenes, but it has sold well because of its gameplay.

Link will not look realistic in The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess.

Pikmin 2 will have the best parts of the original.

n-Space is a talented team.

Mario & Luigi is a very Nintendo action-RPG.

Donkey Kong is a remake of the original and is easy to pick up and play.

Metroid Prime 2 will come out next year.

If Super Mario 128 isn’t shown at E3 next year he’ll feel like he hasn’t fulfilled his responsibilities.


Mario & Zelda Big Band Live (untranslated from Japanese)

Publication Date: September 14, 2003

Subject(s): Unknown

Format: Interview, performance

People: Unknown interviewer, Benimaru Itoh, Koji Kondo, Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Mario & Zelda Big Band Live was a concert held in Nihon Seinenkan Hall. A DVD of the performance was included with an issue of Nintendo Dream, which is probably where this footage came from. Uploaded by YouTube user Nintendo Memo.


Nintendo Official Magazine – HANDS UP IF YOU HATE RPGS

Publication Date: October, 2003

Subject(s): Geist, role-playing games, Earthbound, Mother 3, Zelda II: The Adventure of Link, Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr., Star Fox Adventures

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Chris Kohler, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: Just one month after printing the Tokyo University lecture transcription Nintendo Official Magazine has an actual interview with Mr. Miyamoto.

Summary: They are working on the next Mario game, they want it to be different.

The question he was asked most often at E3 was where Super Mario 128 was.

They are deeply involved with Geist, but not as much as Silicon Knights and Retro Studios.

He has a reputation at Nintendo for being loud and hard on people, someone who changes his mind a lot.

They have made some music-centered games like Mario Paint. He asks the music people about making a music game.

He fundamentally dislikes role-playing games, even though many like it and some games are suited to it. In role-playing games you are bound, only becoming powerful late in the game, and that’s not fun. Anyone can be good at them. Not everyone is good at Mario games, but they can still play them.

They wanted Earthbound to sell 3 million copies in the United States, but it didn’t do well. The petition to release Mother 3 in the U.S. got 30,000 signatures, which made them think Earthbound fans are solid.

They always want to sell their games globally, Americans made Donkey Kong huge. Hamtaro is doing well in the U.S. and Europe. Even anime is popular outside of Japan.

Everyone at Nintendo wants to release Zelda II: The Adventure of Link on GameCube, but he doesn’t know.

Designers have to understand the hardware they are designing games for.

Gunpei Yokoi wanted to make a game involving bouncing off of a seesaw, but they couldn’t get it to work.

They started planning Donkey Kong Jr.’s levels during Donkey Kong’s development. Donkey Kong was too big to be the playable character, so they made a little one. They wanted to still include Donkey Kong, but since it couldn’t be son versus father they decided that Mario had captured Donkey Kong.

After the Popeye game fell through he kept thinking about Popeye, Bluto, and Olive Oyl. They’re friendly rivals more than enemies. He needed to come up with his own characters. A main character, a strong guy and a beautiful woman, except his would be more beautiful than Olive Oyl. Donkey Kong was the most fleshed out, and it’s good to name a game after its strongest character.

He likes Donkey Kong a lot since he was the first character he’d made. If Nintendo got into robots, he’d make a robot Donkey Kong. He’d wear it like a suit and do a part-time job in it.

Rare is very independent. He was 10% involved with Donkey Kong Country at the start, decreasing over time. Almost all of Star Fox Adventures was done by Rare. Their separation was due to financial differences, not creative ones.

They’re always trying to be #1 in developing and publishing. They challenge themselves to be innovative. The days of people putting gaming as their top form of entertainment are gone. They need to be bold to stop the market from shrinking.


GameSpot – Shigeru Miyamoto Q&A

Publication Date: November 12, 2003

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, Soulcalibur II, F-Zero GX, Animal Crossing

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed GameSpot interviewer, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This interview took place at the 2003 DICE Summit, which was held February 27-28.

Summary: There were voices on all sides of him asking if The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker’s art style was the right thing to do, but he feels rescued. They were able to use the cel shading style because Link is always a child in this game.

The developers of Soulcalibur II are big fans of Link and have given a lot of thought about what attacks he uses and how he looks.

The Capcom Zelda team is practically part of Nintendo even though Capcom is more regimented than Nintendo. They sent working builds of Wind Waker to them.

F-Zero is an intense series focused on speed, and Toshihiro Nagoshi has been very good at conveying that.

Bringing Metal Gear Solid to the GameCube has been in the works for a few years.

The video game market has seen a decline in individual game sales. Nintendo does not think a multiplatform strategy is the best path and third parties are figuring this out. They are trying to increase the GameCube’s user base with Game Boy Advance connectivity. Nintendo hasn’t shown all the benefits of connectivity, but needs to take the lead. The industry needs to look beyond the current styles and past graphics. It is a big success when a game sells 600,000-800,000 copies in Japan.

Pikmin 2 fell behind because because people were working on The Wind Waker.

They’ve been experimenting with online Mario Kart, but it would be difficult to pull off.

He didn’t know if Animal Crossing would be a hit, but knew its suited to everyday life. His wife would complain while playing The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask that you had to play for a long time to make any progress, but Animal Crossing is a game you can play for a long time or a short time.




Nintendo Official Magazine – From the Kart/Dear Mr. Nintendo…

Publication Date: February 2004

Subject(s): Mario Kart: Double Dash, parting with Rare, Super Mario 128, mobile gaming, making mature games

Format: Transcribed interview

People: From the Kart: Unnamed Nintendo Official Magazine interviewer, Tadashi Sugiyama, Shinya Takahashi, Kiyoshi Mizuki, Shigeru Miyamoto

Dear Mr. Nintendo: Dean Scott, Shigeru Miyamoto


Summary: He has seen fan requests that Mario Kart become like Super Smash Bros. and feature other Nintendo characters. They may make a game like that in the future.

He does not admire any specific game developer. He loves Toru Iwatani’s Pac-Man enough that they made Pac-Man Vs., but looking at the past and admiring others won’t help come up with new ideas.

A game creator’s job is to surprise people. The Nintendo Entertainment System and 3D games destroyed the concept that people had that such things were impossible. Better graphics and online gaming are not surprising, so they are experimenting.

The system after the GameCube will have brand-new ideas, but for now the potential of the GameCube will be realized.

Wario Ware, Inc. attracted new people to gaming.

He’ll miss working together with Rare, since they and Nintendo always make something new.

Since The Legend of Zelda he’s been making Hyrule feel like a miniature garden. The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time may continue to be so popular because they focused on the feel of the game to the extent that people could feel the coldness of the air.

Super Mario 128 challenges many things about video games. They have to be secretive so their ideas stay fresh.

Mobile phones are made so that they are good at sending and receiving calls, which is very different from what’s needed for a handheld game system.

He’d love to expand on Pikmin or work with other designers on making new characters.

Nintendo always has to do what others don’t, not just make the same thing but better. It’s always difficult to make something new.

They always try to make games that will appeal to people all over the world. They put a lot of time and resources into localization. When they have a better foundation set up they release games like Animal Crossing to Europe.

In 1983 they released the Family Computer System, and people who grew up playing it are now having kids. They put a lot of importance on games that can enjoyed with friends or family watching.

Some say he’s a perfectionist, but he’s lazy by nature. He’s only able to make games because of Nintendo, his job, and his responsibilities.


NGC Magazine – Hello ‘Moto!/The-nextlevel – An Interview with Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: March, 2004/August 20, 2004

Subject(s): Starting at Nintendo, daily work, appealing to a wider audience,  violent games, The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, collaborating with other game developers, hobbies

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Hasan Ali Almaci, Heidi Kemps, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:


Notes: The NGC Magazine version of this interview does not specify who conducted the interview, while The-nextlevel version does. The two interviewers did not actually work for NGC Magazine, though they are credited as contributors in that issue. The-nextlevel version says that the interview is a combination of two sit-down interviews and one roundtable interview and it includes a few more questions. Thank you to Sabrina Tvband for making me aware of the The-nextlevel version of this interview.

The last page of the magazine version of the interview attributes the quote “A delayed game is eventually good, a bad game is bad forever.” to Mr. Miyamoto, but there is no evidence he has ever said this.

Summary: He joined Nintendo after graduating from Kanazawa Municipal Art and Craft college.

He wanted to work in product planning, but he started with graphic design. Donkey Kong was the first game he designed. 

Hiroshi Yamauchi decided that Nintendo would focus on the home market and stop making arcade games before the Famicom was released. It was risky.

He worked for Nintendo instead of for himself so that he’d have more freedom and so they’d distribute his ideas. He has been stressed to the point of having heart issues when they are preparing for a hardware launch. He has felt spiritually fulfilled at Nintendo.

Before the interview he was checking on some games under development, which is the work he most enjoys. He also has meetings and trains employees.

Nintendo makes innovative hardware and software. He likes Nintendo more than how it was in the past. He has to delegate more work than he would like since Nintendo makes so many games now. Pikmin 2 and two unannounced games will hopefully be released this year. Hideo Kojima insists on being known as more of a game designer.

Satoru Iwata’s statements about being sorry for Nintendo’s mistakes may be interpreted as the company’s position. They didn’t admit that the Nintendo 64 was a failure, things could have gone better. The system wasn’t a mistake, Nintendo has to take risks. They delayed Pikmin 2 so that it could be held to Nintendo’s high standard of quality. Nintendo has to make new game series.

The customer wants something they can’t get anywhere else. They used to be able to sell massive amounts of games of any kind, but now they have to cater to veteran players and newcomers. It’s hard to make something unique and easy to understand. Video games are no longer unique. The entertainment industry is constantly in transition.

He is most proud of Donkey Kong. He was also able to use a lot of his best ideas for Super Mario 64.

He isn’t able to play non-Nintendo games to any depth.

The Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography’s Famicom 20th anniversary exhibit makes him happy. It was a long and important part of his career. It’s like his life: the first 20 years are the longest, then it goes by so fast. Being over 50 now it makes him nostalgic to look back at it.

Nintendo doesn’t want to make violent games like Grand Theft Auto. His criteria for his own games requires that he be proud of it and can play it with his children.

They don’t see it as “working with other companies”, they see it as working with people at other companies. Making these relationships is beneficial to everyone. It doesn’t benefit the companies or consumers to buy exclusive games.

The Famicom 20th Anniversary exhibit at the Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography made him happy. The first 20 years of your life are the longest and the next 20 go by quickly. It makes him nostalgic to see the games in chronological order.

He doesn’t know what he’s going to do when his children go away to college.

Yuji Naka should have come to one of his guitar playing performances. He may retire some day. He started a garden five years ago and got a puppy two years ago. Making things with his own hands is fascinating.

Everyone wants them to show things off as early as possible. The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess will launch in 2005, but they won’t be talking about it until E3 2005. He’d like to implement new kinds of puzzle solving into the Legend of Zelda series.


Outrageous Fortunes: Nintendo

Publication Date: April 15, 2004 (approximate)

Subject(s): Super Mario Bros. 2, Money

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Libby Potter, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This documentary is mostly concerned with then-president of Nintendo Hiroshi Yamauchi and seizures caused by playing games. It contains some footage inside Nintendo offices and an older interview with Mr. Miyamoto.

Summary: He feels uncomfortable when strangers ask for his autograph. He joined Nintendo so many people would play his games.

He was involved with making Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic. The American version of Super Mario Bros. 2 is an altered version of it.

He takes more of a supervisor role on some games, but Nintendo knows he’s better at making games than being a manager.

He’s like a son to Hiroshi Yamauchi, who would encourage him to work on his ideas.

He’s always gotten enough money for his projects and he’s paid enough to spend money on what he enjoys.


USA Today – Nintendo unveiling a new portable 

Publication Date: May 11, 2004

Subject(s): PlayStation Portable, DS

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Steven Kent, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: Mr. Miyamoto says almost exactly the same thing about the PlayStation Portable in the Game Developer magazine interview, which was conduced some time before July 7, 2014. It’s possible this is a different translation of the same quote, but the Game Developer interview didn’t seem to be from a public event, and USA Today does not specify where their quote came from. Whatever the context of the quote, this article’s version is the one frequently quoted.

Summary: He hasn’t seen the PlayStation Portable. It probably has a bigger screen than the DS and great graphics, but it can only display the same things as every other system. They want to do new things and look at the creative end.


Nintendo of America – E3 2004

Publication Date: May 12, 2004

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess (43:06)

Format: Presentation (spoken English)

People: Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: Uploaded by YouTube user CARSLOCK.

Summary: [The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess trailer plays and Miyamoto comes out on stage with Hylian Shield and Master Sword.]

The Legend of Zelda does not stop changing after 18 years. This is a world where Link is grown up. Link must not stand still in order to grow, and neither will he.


Wham! Gaming – Interview with Shigeru Miyamoto at E3 2004

Publication Date: May 11-14, 2004 (approximate)

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Unnamed Wham! Gaming interviewer, Bill Trinen (translator), Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link:

Summary: They decided on this more realistic representation of Link after a lot of discussion and it was both what people wanted and what they had in mind. Link will be taller so there will be more action. It won’t necessarily be darker than The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker.


IGN – E3 2004: Miyamoto Roundtable

Publication Date: May 11, 2004

Subject(s): DS, third pillar, Pac-Pix

Format: Presentation, Q & A

People: Tom Harlin, unnamed members of the press, Bill Trinen (translator), Takashi Tezuka, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This occurred right after the IGN – E3 2004: Miyamoto and Aonuma on Zelda entry, but was posted the day before. There is another IGN article that is identical, except that it was posted two days later.

Summary: The DS looks like a Game Boy, but it’s been made differently. It’s not another Game Boy despite having backwards compatibility, it’s a third pillar. It will have software never seen before. Connected a GameCube and Game Boy Advance was complicated because you had to buy a cable. There is a microphone built in.

There are two camps in the world: people who play video games and people who don’t. People long for the days where Mario had one button to jump. You can feel directly in control with the DS. People who don’t play games will be on the same level.

Namco had the idea for Pac-Pix for a while, but there was no hardware to make it on.

Developers don’t have to use the wireless, or both screens, or the microphone, or touch controls. You have to touch and feel this system to understand it, so there are lots of short demos available.

They’ve looked into covers for the screen to protect it from scratches.

He’s most impressed with games that change how you play, like Samba de Amigo, EyeToy, Donkey Konga, and Donkey Kong Jungle Beat. They are fun to watch too.

Their target audience is everyone. Children see their parents using PDAs.


IGN – E3 2004: Miyamoto and Aonuma on Zelda

Publication Date: May 12, 2004

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker, The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess

Format: Q & A

People: Tom Harlin, unnamed members of the press, Bill Trinen (translator), Takashi Tezuka, Hideki Konno, Eiji Aonuma, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: This roundtable Q & A took place right after E3 2004. The current live version includes both parts on one page.

Summary: There is a rumor in Japan that he is retiring. He swam a kilometer yesterday, his heart is fine. Second party games, those developed outside of Nintendo but published by them, have increased dramatically. Last year he was put in charge of first party development.

Many people wanted Link to change. They wanted Link to be an active, energetic boy in The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker and the cel shading portrayed that. They also wanted to make a unique world. To make a teenage Link they decided on a style more like The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time’s.

People want them to show off games as early as possible. If they wait until everything is done before showing it off he can’t upend the tea table. He’d like to see new ideas used in the puzzles, and has asked Eiji Aonuma to focus on that.

He doesn’t want Link to talk much.


GameSpy – A DS Discussion at the Top

Publication Date: May 25, 2004

Subject(s): DS, Super Mario 128

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Steven L. Kent, Kenichi Sugino, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Links:

Notes: This interview took place May 13, 2004.

Summary: Both the DS and PlayStation Portable will be competing for wallets, but they don’t view the two as competitors.

When you go past the level of power the Nintendo 64 had you’re not limited and you have more room for creativity.

He was a pain with the development of the DS, giving ideas and demands. He looked at what distance between the screens would be best for gameplay and button positioning.

The research and development teams will say they have an idea for a camera or tilt sensor and he’ll wonder how often they’ll really be used. There was some doubt with the touch screen, but it’s a good sign that so many games at E3 used it.

The next Mario game released will likely be the one the DS one they are working on. Super Mario 128 is moving along secretly. They run a lot of experiments on new hardware. He’s the only director on it and it’s hard for him to decide what system it will be on.


Nintendo Official Magazine – Interview: Shigeru Miyamoto

Publication Date: July, 2004

Subject(s): Super Mario 128, DS, Super Mario 64 DS, Metroid Prime Hunters

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Dean Scott, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This interview took place at E3 2004.

Summary: They are working on a Mario game for the DS that isn’t Super Mario 64 DS. They are working on experiments relating to Super Mario 128. They haven’t decided if it should be a GameCube game or not.

Satoru Iwata said that a GameCube peripheral would be coming out, but they decided not to show it at E3 this year.

They are releasing ports of older games to the Game Boy Advance because there are many people who have quit gaming and they want to appeal to them with games that they used to play. Newer gamers have also not had a chance to play them. The Classic NES Series is to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Famicom.

He can’t always relate to what the hip-hop loving kids like, but what’s fun is common among all age groups. They also hire people right out of college that help him keep in touch.

The DS is a third pillar because it’s meant to change the style of gaming. The Tamagotchi was more popular than the Game Boy for a time, it ran for 24 hours a day, unlike the Game Boy. It’s important that they keep pushing technology further, otherwise gaming’s audience will shrink.

The DS allows for simplified controls. Metroid Prime Hunters will have an optional control scheme that is more standard than what was demoed at E3.

A cotton swab works well to clean the DS’s screen.


Game Developer – Doing Mushrooms, Miyamoto-Style (Special Edition)

Publication Date: July 7, 2004

Subject(s): DS, vision, gamer stereotypes, platform exclusivity, PlayStation Portable

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Jamil Moledina, Eiji Aonuma, Ken’ichi Sugino, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:


Notes: A condensed version of this interview appeared in Game Developer magazine and a longer version was published on their website.

Summary: Game directors can’t forget the reason they’re making the game. Sometimes when things don’t go according to plan developers will add more things until the game is no longer what it was supposed to be.

New forms of media are going to be criticized. Adults aren’t always open minded about new things. He wants to make games that don’t fall into the typical stereotypes. The DS’s touch screen and the Donkey Konga drums should hopefully change the image of video games a bit.

They introduced connectivity with the GameCube and Game Boy Advance, but not everyone could do that. With the DS they wanted to include everything people needed. You play games together with your friends wirelessly.

A lot of people in the game industry have thought up game ideas but not had any appropriate hardware for it. For instance in Namco’s Pac-Pix you can draw Pac-Man on the touch screen to get him to catch the ghosts. Namco has had that idea, but not been able to make the game.

Fighting for platform exclusivity has become a battle. Hiroshi Yamauchi was against multiplatform games. They’d rather have companies make games that utilize the unique features of Nintendo systems.

He hasn’t seen the PlayStation Portable, but he’s sure it has a big screen and he wonders about the battery life. They didn’t make the DS so they could make better looking Game Boy Advance games, they made it so new styles of games could be made. The PSP isn’t a competitor because it’s just another system with higher specs.

They’ve been working on the DS for two years and it’s been six months since it’s had a working touch screen.

There were only computer games when they launched the Nintendo Entertainment System. Keyboards had so many buttons that you wouldn’t know what to press, and it was bad for the computer if you just turned it off. Pressing the Start button would start the game with the NES, and it had two buttons so it remained easy to play. The DS’s touch screen will let people take old ideas in new directions.

He doesn’t have much time to play games he’s not working on so he’s been playing The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures and Mario vs. Donkey Kong.


The Video Game Revolution

Publication Date: August 23, 2004

Subject(s): Starting at Nintendo, making the player feel emotions when playing games, focus on graphics

Format: Interview (dubbed)

People: Unknown The Video Game Revolution interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Notes: This documentary was made for PBS. There are segments with Mr. Miyamoto starting at 28:46, 38:01, 47:02, and 1:44:50. Uploaded by YouTube user Gaming And Technology Variety Channel.

Summary: When he joined Nintendo as an industrial designer he thought he would do something larger scale than video games. He enjoyed arcade games, but wasn’t interested in computers. He didn’t set out to make a superhero-like character, and Donkey Kong is more like a pet.

In his games the main character and star is the player.

His fans have cried while playing Nintendo games. Making someone cry is easier than making someone laugh or feel excited.

Game developers lately have focused on beautiful graphics, but the core of video games are their interactive elements.


IGN – Miyamoto Speaks to Final Fantasy Producer

Publication Date: October 8, 2004

Subject(s): Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Ring of Fates

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Akitoshi Kawazu, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Notes: This discussion took place at a DS press conference.

Summary: The DS version of Final Fantasy III is the first time the game has left the Nintendo Entertainment System. Square Enix is also working on a new Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles. It will be easier to play with WiFi on the DS than using four Game Boy Advances and a GameCube.


Game Plan: Great Designs that Changed the Face of Computer Gaming

Publication Date: October 30, 2004

Subject(s): Super Mario 64

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Ste Curran, Shigeru Miyamoto

Archive Link: (you can borrow this book for free) 

Notes: Game Plan is a book that profiles 10 important video games and features interviews with their creators. This book describes Super Mario 64’s platform as “arcade”.

Summary: He referred to Mario as Mr. Video while making Donkey Kong. He had to have a simple look that could still convey what was happening.

Super Mario Bros. came about at the right time. If they sell more than a million copies of a game in Japan, Europe, and North America then it is because of luck.

Video games’ very existence used to be innovative, but now they are a part of our lives. He wants to make new games with new ideas. People are limiting themselves to established genres, yet there are thousands of themes that have gone unexplored. He wants to make games for those five to 95 years old.

They knew they would be able to make a 3D game as soon as they started their experiments with the Nintendo 64.

It was important for Super Mario 64 to feel unprecedented and for it to feel good just to move Mario.

Making 3D models was something new, but rather than hiring new people they taught themselves how to do it. Some were chosen to make Super Mario 64 because of their track record, some because they were young and trainable.

He comes up with ideas by holding a controller in front of a TV, not by sketching. The only thing written down was the original concept, which the final game stayed true to.

Around 70% of the structure, design, and game play of Super Mario 64 was his. Details like the backgrounds were left to the artists.

Music is important, but he mostly leaves them to do what they want.

There are a lot of options at the start because it is important to give the player freedom.

There weren’t any major issues during development, though they cut about 20% from their designs. A quarter of the way through they decided to give up on having both Mario and Luigi playable at the same time. That’s been something they’ve tried to make work with every Super Mario game.

Super Mario 64’s influences are previous Super Mario games.

It was before they showed Super Mario 64 off at Space World that he realized it qualified as a game. He hoped it would be commercially successful since he was the director.

He thinks Super Mario 64 succeeded because it appealed both to regular gamers and those who dabble in it, just like Pikmin does.

For some developers telling a good story is their purpose, he sees storytelling as a way to guide the player.

At Nintendo they try to get employees to feel like they are working on something unprecedented. They all need to believe the game could be called an invention. They need to think freely and naturally.

They made the GameCube because he didn’t accomplish everything he wanted with Super Mario 64.


Famitsu (reported on by IGN, incomplete)

Publication Date: Unknown (reported on November 29, 2004)

Subject(s): The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess, Super Mario 128

Format: Transcribed interview

People: Reported on by unnamed IGN staff, unknown interviewer, Shigeru Miyamoto


Archive Link:

Summary: Development of The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess is going well and they’ll show the final version at E3.

They are also working on Super Mario 128. They are doing experiments and can’t go public with it yet.

Chibi-Robo! interests him the most and he’s looking forward to Oodama.


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